The following is an example of a detailed specification for lead- based paint abatement work in a large multifamily public housing development. Because all specifications are site- specific, its provisions may not be suitable for other situations. This level of detail may not be appropriate for all lead- based paint hazard control work.
This specification has been provided by Mr. Neal Freuden of EnviroScience Consultants, Inc., its chief author. It was formulated over the course of several projects and includes contributions from Fred Eberle of Dewberry and Davis, the staffs of the Cambridge, Massachusetts Housing Authority and the Dover, New Hampshire Housing Authority, the staff of Housing Environmental Services, Dennison Environmental, Dan LaBrie of the Housing Authority Risk Retention Group and Dave Jacobs. A model specification may be available from the National Institute for Building Sciences in the future.
PART 1 - GENERAL 1.01 SUMMARY OF WORK
A. The work under the contract consists of the following:
1. Exterior lead abatement and comprehensive modernization consisting in total of xxx existing occupied units in _____ buildings.
2. Removal of all windows, sashes and window systems, exterior doors and door casings/jambs and installation of new replacement windows and doors and door casings/ jambs as indicated in the specifications and drawings. All removal and installation shall be performed and coordinated as indicated in the specifications and drawings.
3. Exterior Lead Paint Abatement by component removal as indicated in the specifications and drawings. All abatement work shall be coordinated with the general Construction Work and as indicated in the specifications and drawings.
4. Replacement of components removed under lead abatement.
5. Installation of wood clapboard and wood shingle siding and replacement of exterior building components as indicated in the specifications and drawings.
6. Creation of handicapped accessible entries to certain designated units.
7. All other work and items either shown on the drawings or included in the specifications.
8. Protection where appropriate of all temporary facilities and utilities and property outside the designated work areas and zones.
9. Maintaining existing occupancy and use: Except as indicated in the specifications, work of the project includes keeping all occupied buildings and units in full complete year round operation. Work of the project includes providing all temporary facilities and utilities needed to insure that occupied units are safely accessible and supplied with electricity, water, sewers, heat, telephone service and other utilities which may currently be present. Occupancy will remain in all units.
10. The Contractor shall be responsible for all means and methods required to perform the work in accordance with the Contract Documents and within the time limits established in the Contract and this Section.
11. There will be a Pre- Bid Walk- through held at a time and place identified in the Bidding Documents. All general Bidders and Abatement Subcontractors should attend this PreBid Walk- through to acquaint themselves with the existing conditions and required scope of work.
1.02 WORK INCLUDED
A. The requirements of this Section govern specific aspects of the administration of the Work. The Contractor is responsible for compliance of his own forces and of his subcontractors with the requirements in this Section.
B. The Contractor is responsible for all corrections of and changes in the Work, and for any delays resulting from his failure to conform with these requirements, and for all costs arising there from.
C. Individual requirements for work provided for under this Section are described in other Sections of the Specifications.
1.03 PERFORMANCE OF WORK
A. Work of the Lead Hazard Control Contractor: The Contractor or subcontractor to perform the following work shall be a Lead hazard control Contractor licensed to perform lead hazard control.
1. Removal of exterior unit components containing lead- based paint as identified in the Lead Paint Inspection Reports provided by Owner according to the specifications and drawings.
2. Removal of the exterior components containing lead- based paint as listed in Section X.
3. On- site stripping of the exterior components containing lead- based paint as listed in Section X.
4. All work performed by the Lead hazard control Subcontractor shall be in accordance with applicable federal and state and local regulations and the specifications and drawings.
B. Work of the General Contractor: All other work described in these specifications shall be performed according to applicable codes and standards, federal, state and local regulations and the specifications and drawings.
1.04 PILOT BUILDINGS
A. Except as provided herein, all materials used on the Sample Buildings shall conform to the Contract Documents and shall have been submitted to and approved by the Architect in accordance with Section X of the Specifications. Where submittals of materials have been made to the Architect but have not been approved, the Contractor may request approval to employ such materials in the Sample Buildings at its own risk and the Architect may permit such use on condition that if any material is later disapproved it shall be removed and replaced with approved material.
In the case of equipment and material which have long lead times for delivery, the Architect may accept the use of the "mock- up" construction simulating the appearance of the completed work upon the condition that as soon as the actual materials and equipment become available the contractor shall promptly install these items in place of the simulations, at no additional cost to the Owner.
B. Upon acceptance of the Sample Buildings by the Owner, Architect, and Consultant, the quality of finish and details thereon shall constitute the minimum level of acceptable workmanship for all other buildings throughout the site. The Contractor shall provide adequate maintenance and security for the Sample Buildings from the start of work thereon until the time of final acceptance by the Owner or until such earlier time as may be established in writing by the Owner. The Sample Buildings will be re- occupied by project residents upon completion.
1.05 EXISTING SITE CONDITIONS
A. Existence of Lead- Based Paint
1. All Buildings under this Contract have lead- based paint identified on the exterior components, noted herein.
2. Lead- based paint is either known or assumed to exist on
the following components considered for the purposes of this project
to be on the exterior of the units:
a. Front and back doors - exterior side
b. Front and back exterior door jambs, casings, and flashing
c. Window troughs, sashes, stops, mullions, casings, headers, and flashing
d. Basement windows
e. Exterior wood siding, trim, soffit and thresholds, molding, skirt
f. Electrical conduit
g. Roof rakeboard and other exterior painted wood components as shown on the drawings
h. Roof drainage system components
j. Brick and Concrete surfaces
k. Exterior railings, guards and balusters
l. Attic vents
B. All renovation activities to remove or strip the components on the exterior of these units shall be performed according to all lead abatement procedures of the specifications and drawings and federal, state and local regulations.
C. It is the intent of the Contract Documents to include the abatement of all exterior components with lead- based paint. Nothing shall be charged back to the Owner for the ContractorÆs failure to include removal and disposal of all items under the Base Bid and any applicable Add Alternates.
A. Applicable provisions of the General Conditions and Supplementary Conditions of the Contractor and General Requirements are given in this Section. For the purposes of these Specifications and the Contract:
1. "Owner" shall refer to the owner and its designated, authorized representatives.
2. "Funding Source" shall refer to ____________________________
3. "Contractor" as used in these Contract Documents refers to the General Contractor for the Work under contract with Owner.
4. "Lead Hazard Control Subcontractor" shall refer to the Licensed Lead hazard control Contractor.
5. "Environmental Consultant" shall refer to ____________________________
6. "Architect" and "Landscape Architect" shall refer _______________________
7. "Inspector" shall refer to the on- site licensed lead inspector as employed.
8. "Product" as used in these Contract Documents refers to materials, systems and equipment provided by the Contractor or Subcontractor.
9. "Project Manual" as used in these Contract Documents includes bidding requirements, Conditions of Contract, and Specifications.
10. "Family Unit" as used in these Contract Documents refers to dwelling units known by Owner to be occupied by at least one child under the age of six years at the time of the Contract.
11. The words "shall" or "will" means "must" as used in these Contact Documents.
B. If the Lead Hazard Control Abatement Subcontractor is the General Contractor, the use of the term "Contractor" shall also refer to the "Lead Hazard Control Abatement Subcontractor". If the Lead Hazard Control Abatement Subcontractor is a subcontractor of the General Contractor, the General Contractor shall oversee and be responsible for the work of the Lead Hazard Control Abatement Subcontractor as stated in the drawings and specifications.
C. Owner has retained the Consultant for the purposes of project management during LeadBased Paint Abatement. The Consultant will represent the Owner in all phases of the lead- based paint abatement project at the discretion of the Owner. The Lead Hazard Control Abatement Subcontractor will regard ConsultantÆs direction as authoritative and binding as provided herein, in matters particularly but not limited to approval of work areas, review of monitoring results, completion of the various segments of work, final completion of the lead- based paint abatement, submission of data, and daily field punchlist items.
1.07 TENANT COORDINATOR
A. Contractor shall employ, for the duration of the Contract, one Tenant Coordinator who resides at the Development. This Tenant Coordinator shall serve as the contact person between the occupants of the Developments and the Contractor, and shall assist in the coordination of the scheduling.
B. The Owner shall review and approve of the person proposed for employment as the Tenant Coordinator.
C. The Contractor shall pay the Tenant Coordinator for time not to exceed 40 hours per week and shall pay him/ her a minimum of $12.00 per hour. This hourly pay rate shall include all insurance and benefits as required by the Owner.
D. The Contractor shall employ the Tenant Coordinator for the time period from the initiation of the Contract to the completion of the Contract. It is estimated that the duration of the Contract will be approximately ten (10) months, or as the Contract Time is specified elsewhere in the bid documents.
E. The cost of the Tenant Coordinator shall be included in the Contract Price. There shall be no additional cost to the Owner for the Tenant Coordinator.
1.08 USE OF THE CONTRACT DOCUMENTS
A. It has been indicated on the Drawings and in the Specifications what existing items are to be removed, what are to remain, and what new work is required to fulfill the intent of the Contract Documents. It shall be incumbent upon the Contractor to visit the Site and determine existing conditions and what will be required to accomplish the Work intended by the Contract Documents. No increase in the Contract Sum will be permitted as a result of the ContractorÆs failure to accomplish any or all of the above requirements.
B. An attempt has been made to identify all work related under each Section of the Specifications. It is the ContractorÆs responsibility to coordinate with all trades involved irrespective of whether the same are listed under "Related Work".
C. All work shall comply with the Contract Documents and with all applicable Codes, laws, regulations, and ordinances wherever applicable. The most stringent of all the foregoing shall govern.
D. It is not intended that the Drawings and Specifications show every detail of the Work, but the Contractor shall be required to furnish within the Contract Sum all material and labor necessary for the completion of the Work in accordance with the intent of the Drawings and Specifications.
E. In case of ambiguity between any of the Contract Documents, the better quality and/ or the greater number will be required.
F. The Drawings are to be understood as diagrammatic and are not intended to be rigid in details where such detail may be in conflict with the recommendations of the manufacturers of equipment to be installed or the requirements of the Work. The Work of this Contract includes making such modifications as may be necessary, subject to approval by the Architect, Consultant, and Owner, to correct such conflicts.
G. Equipment and materials specified herein shall be furnished complete with all features normally provided with such items and any features or accessories required by the special conditions of the Work thereunder performed, whether or not specified or drawn in complete detail. Such equipment or materials shall be subject to the approval of the Architect, and shall in all cases be suited to the purpose for which it is intended and shall bear guarantees and certifications as specified herein or required by law regardless of the manufacturerÆs standard practice.
H. General Notes appearing on the Drawings are hereby made part of these Specifications. Conflicts between these notes and the Specifications shall be resolved in accordance with the General Conditions, as amended.
I. Drawings shall not be scaled. Field verification is required, since actual conditions may vary from recorded data.
J. Should the Drawings not agree in themselves or not agree with the Specifications, the greater quantity or superior quality of work or materials shall be estimated upon and included in the bid price. The Contractor shall call such discrepancies to the attention of the Architect as soon as they are noted.
K. All items, not specifically mentioned in the Specifications or noted in the Drawings but implied by trade practices to form part of the complete installation, shall be included.
1.09 EXAMINATION OF THE SITE
A. It is understood that the Contractor has examined the Site and made his own estimates of the facilities and difficulties attending the execution of the Work, and has based his price thereon.
B. Except for unforeseeable concealed conditions as determined by the Architect or Consultant, the Contractor shall make no claim for additional cost due to the existing conditions at the site, which, in the opinion of the Architect, with reasonable diligence could have been ascertained by the Contractor in his examination of the Site.
C. In the case of certain materials and work where quantities are not precisely established, the use of Allowances and Unit Prices is intended to establish a cost basis for a certain quantity of work and variations therefrom.
1.10 CONSTRUCTION PROGRESS SCHEDULE
A. To assure adequate planning and execution of the Work, and to assist the Architect and Consultants in appraising the reasonableness of the ContractorÆs applications for payment, the Contractor shall prepare and maintain a detailed Progress Schedule. This schedule shall be prepared by the Contractor in accordance with requirements stated in Section xxx Scheduling and Phasing of this Specification and be approved by the Architect and Owner prior to the commencement of any work on this project.
B. Schedule of work of this Contract shall include the notification requirement of 5 days prior notification to tenants and regulatory agencies for the work of Section 02080 and 02090 and other related sections. This notice shall be given individually for each apartment and shall not be given all at one time for all the apartments, but a maximum of seven (7) days prior to the start of the work at each apartment.
C. The Contractor shall supervise and direct the work of his and other trades using his best skill and attention. The Contractor shall be solely responsible for all construction means, methods, techniques, sequences and procedures and for coordinating all portions of the work under the Contract.
1.11 TESTING LABORATORY SERVICES
A. Product testing shall meet current UL standards. Contractor shall submit to the Architect the product data as required by Section 01300 or employ a testing laboratory to perform product testing to confirm the use of acceptable materials and methods.
B. Refer to Section XX for testing and analysis of waste generated during the work of this and related sections.
1.12 RUBBISH AND WASTE MATERIAL
A. All rubbish and waste material from the Work shall be neatly stacked or kept in suitable containers and removed regularly from the premises. The premises shall be kept clean and in an orderly condition at all times to the reasonable satisfaction of the Owner, the Consultant and Architect.
B. Frequency of removal shall be made satisfactory to the Architect, Consultant and the Owner. At no time shall waste be removed from the site without the following documentation submitted for approval by Consultant:
1. Waste manifest, as waste is generated and contained for disposal.
2. TCLP Testing results, as required by the specification.
3. Clerk sign- off of a copy of the manifest.
1.13 DELIVERY AND STORAGE
A. Materials for all trades shall be delivered to the job site in manufacturerÆs original unopened containers with manufacturerÆs brand name clearly marked thereon.
B. Contractor shall handle and store materials carefully in accordance with manufacturerÆs recommendations and protect them from moisture and extremes of heat and cold.
C. Copies of Purchase Orders, Shipping Manifests and Bills of Lading shall be available to the Architect and Owner upon request.
1.14 SUBSTANTIAL COMPLETION
A. Interim Substantial Completion dates will be declared according to the following schedule:
1. For work on the exterior of each building, including installation of new materials, as well as any required patching or work on the interior of any unit in that building Interim Substantial Completion will be declared upon completion of the work at each building.
2. For work of this contract, Substantial Completion will be declared upon completion of the entire work of the Contract.
B. In order for an Interim Substantial Completion date to be declared, the applicable submittal requirements of Section XX shall have been met.
C. At the conclusion of the Project, a Final Substantial Completion date will be declared which will constitute acceptance of the project as a whole and which must be achieved within the time allotted for the work of this Contract.
1.15 CLOSE- OUT AND PUNCHLIST
A. Refer to Section XX for additional close- out requirements.
B. The Contractor shall carefully check his own work and that of Subcontractors as the work is being performed. Unsatisfactory work shall be corrected immediately.
C. During the finishing stages of the Project, the Contractor shall make frequent inspections with Subcontractors and the Architect, Project Inspector, Project Monitor, and/ or Clerkof- the- Works (Project Representative) to progressively check for and correct faulty work.
D. When the Contractor determines that the work is substantially complete, that is, has less than one percent of his Contract remaining to be completed, he shall prepare for submissions to the Architect a list of items to be completed or corrected. The failure to include any items on such list does not alter the responsibility of the Contractor to complete all work in accordance with the Contract Documents.
E. Upon receipt of the ContractorÆs list of items to be completed or corrected, the Architect and/ or Clerk will promptly make a thorough inspection and prepare a "punchlist", setting forth in accurate detail any items on the ContractorÆs list and any additional items that are not acceptable.
F. When the "punchlist" has been prepared, the Architect and/ or Clerk will arrange a meeting with the Contractor and Subcontractor to identify and explain all punchlist items and answer questions on the work which must be done before final acceptance.
G. If the Contractor gives notice that a Subcontractor has completed his "punchlist" items, the Architect and/ or Clerk shall inspect that portion of the work, and, if the items are found to be satisfactorily completed, advise the Contractor accordingly.
H. The General Contractor shall correct all "punchlist" items or shall cause the correction of the "punchlist" items within a time frame to be established when the "punchlist" is made. The time frame for the completion of the "punchlist" shall not exceed the completion date phase of the Contract as agreed to in the project scheduling. Should the "punchlist" not be completed within the specified time frame, the Owner may invoke the rights given under the General Conditions.
I. The Architect shall not be expected to inspect any building more than once to inspect for the preparation of the "punchlist" items, or if fifteen or more distinct deficiencies are discovered by the Architect during such inspections. If, during an inspection under this Paragraph, the Architect does discover fifteen deficient conditions at the building, then the building shall be declared Not Ready for Inspection.
J. For all work associated with each building, all punchlist items shall be complete prior to declaration of Interim Substantial Completion and full- time reoccupancy of the units.
K. All inspections required for lead hazard control compliance will be performed by the Project Monitor and Project Inspector respectively.
A. Throughout the construction period, maintain the building and site free of rubbish, debris, surplus materials, and other items not required for the construction of the Work. Remove such materials from the site regularly to prevent accumulations. Remove all construction debris from work areas, and remove all hazardous items as required by the most current federal, state and local regulations and the requirements of the specifications. In areas where finish work is being conducted, remove dust, dirt and other matter as required to provide safe and proper working conditions.
B. Final Site Cleaning - At the time of the ArchitectÆs inspection for Substantial Completion, all materials, surfaces, and finishes shall be completely clean to the satisfaction of the Architect. The completed structures shall be left thoroughly clean and ready for occupancy as described in Section XX.
C. Final Unit Cleaning shall occur as described in Section XX. Cleaning activities required for lead hazard control abatement, and selective demolition shall be performed in accordance with the most current federal, state and local regulations and these specifications.
1.17 SETS OF DOCUMENTS FURNISHED
A. In addition to the executed set of Contract Documents, the Owner will furnish six (6) sets of prints of the Contract Documents. The Owner may, on request of the Contractor, provide other sets of the Contract Documents used in the bidding for use of the Contractor on condition that the Contractor shall accept these sets as is, without warrantee from the Owner, and that any marking or notations found on these sets shall have no meaning. The Contractor shall also make arrangements with the Architect to secure and to pay for one set of "wash- off mylar" reproducible Drawings from which the Contractor may make additional prints, at its expense, and which will be used for the Record Documents in accordance with this Section.
B. Contractor will receive a copy of the Lead Paint Inspection reports for the units tested. C. Contractor will receive a copy of the Asbestos Containing Material Report for the units tested.
1.18 WEEKLY CONSTRUCTION MEETINGS
A. Contractor shall attend weekly project construction meetings throughout the project, to be held at a time convenient to Owner and Contractor.
B. Consultant and/ or Architect and Clerk will attend weekly meetings and record the information discussed. Meeting notes will be produced and distributed to all attendees.
C. Contractor shall review and submit, in writing, comments to the Clerk on any disagreements with items or statements in the meeting notes, within five (5) days of the receipt of the meeting notes. The Architect and/ or Consultant will review and make changes as applicable.
D. Meeting notes will be made part of the permanent record for the project. Any clarification or changes in the intent or interpretation of the specification documents will be made in writing as discussed in the construction meeting.
E. The following personnel shall attend all construction meetings: 1. General ContractorÆs Superintendent 2. Lead Hazard Control SubcontractorÆs Supervisor 3. Tenant Coordinator
F. Representatives of any subcontractors shall attend the weekly construction meetings as requested by the Architect and Owner.
1.19 ADDITIONAL GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
A. The Contractor shall employ a competent individual with at least five years rehabilitation experience on similar building types as superintendent who shall be in responsible charge of the work and have full time daily supervision of same.
B. The Lead Hazard Control Subcontractor shall employ a competent Licensed Supervisor with at least three years lead hazard control supervisory experience on projects of similar scope and magnitude who shall be responsible for all work involving lead- based paint abatement as described in the specifications and defined in applicable regulations, and have full- time daily supervision of the same.
C. The Contractor shall allow the work of this contract to be inspected if required by local, state, federal and any other authorities having jurisdiction over such work. Contractor shall immediately notify Owner and Architect and shall maintain written evidence of such inspection for review by the Architect, Consultant and Owner.
D. The Contractor shall obtain the approval of the local fire department, if necessary, for all finish materials, and the use of lead hazard control work area isolation materials.
E. The Contractor shall incur the cost of all fines resulting from regulatory non- compliance as issued by federal, state, and local agencies. Contractor shall incur the cost of all work requirements mandated by federal, state, and local agencies as a result of regulatory noncompliance or negligence.
F. The Contractor shall immediately notify the Consultant and Architect of the delivery of all permits, license, certificates of inspection, of approval, of occupancy, etc., and any other such instruments required under codes by authorities having jurisdiction, regardless of to whom issued, and shall cause them to be displayed to the Consultant and Architect for verification and recording.
G. The Contractor shall submit all drawings, samples, product information, testing results, and all other submittals and information required by the Contract to the Architect who will process the submittals for Consultant, Architect and Owner approval.
H. The Contractor shall supply to the Owner Record Drawings as described in Section XXX.
PART 2 - PRODUCTS
A. Provide and maintain all services, materials, equipment and labor required for the Work of this Section.
B. Comply with all applicable requirements of the Specifications for materials and assemblies required for Work of this Section.
C. Construction and materials required for the Work of this Section and not provided for in the Specifications shall be made acceptable to the Architect and Consultant.
D. Remove from the site all materials and supplies provided in this Section when no longer required.
E. If requested by the Consultant or Architect, submit Record Drawings or Product Data, as applicable, for products used in the work of this Section in accordance with section XX.
PART 1 GENERAL
1.0 GENERAL PROVISIONS
A. Attention is directed to the Contract and General Conditions and all Sections within Division 1, General Requirements, which are hereby made a part of this Section of the Specifications.
B. Time, Manner, and Requirements for Submitting Sub- Bids:
1. Sub- Bids for Work under this Section shall be for the complete
Work and shall be filed in a sealed envelope with the Owner at
a time and place as stipulated in the Notice to Contractors.
The following shall appear on the upper left- hand corner of the envelope:
NAME OF BIDDER: ______________________________
SUB- BID FOR SECTION: Lead Based Paint Abatement
2. Each Sub- Bid submitted for Work under this section shall be on forms furnished by the Owner as required by local law or federal regulations. Sub- Bid forms may be obtained at the office of the Owner, or may be obtained by written or telephone request.
3. Sub- Bids filed with the Owner shall be accompanied by Bid Bond or Cash or Certified Check or a TreasurerÆs or CashierÆs Check issued by a responsible bank or trust company payable to the Owner in the amount of Five Percent (5%) of the Bid. A Sub- Bid accompanied by any other form of Bid Deposit than those specified will be rejected.
C. Reference to Drawings: Work to be performed is shown on Drawings.
1.1 SCOPE OF WORK
A. Summary. Work outlined includes the complete abatement of all exterior lead- based painted building components on xx residential buildings located at the xxx housing site, Any Town, USA. Work is shown on the Hazardous Materials and Selective Demolition drawings. Abatement work is being performed as an integral portion of the overall exterior modernization (housing rehabilitation) of both sites. Strict coordination of all general industry trades, as well as lead- based paint abatement and asbestos removal work will be extremely important.
Abatement work will include, but not be limited to, removal and disposal of exterior trim, windows, doors, canopies, porch lattice, electrical conduit, attic and roof vents, soffits and drainage components. Additional building components requiring abatement will include, but not be limited to, bulkheads, flashing and steel lintels at all masonry openings, porch railings and balusters, and round crawlspace vents. Lead- based paint abatement work will be integrated into the construction work and the asbestos removal work on all buildings.
Removal of lead- based paint- covered exterior trim components, windows, doors, canopies, and drainage components will be closely coordinated with the Asbestos Abatement Subcontractor. Abatement work is being performed as an integral portion of the overall exterior modernization of the sites. Strict coordination of all general industry trades, as well as all subtrades will be extremely important. abatement work will include, but not be limited to, removal and disposal of exterior clapboard and wood shingle siding and associated trim, windows, doors, canopies, porch lattice, electrical conduit, attic and roof vents, soffits and drainage components. Additional building components requiring abatement will include, but not be limited to, bulkheads, flashing and steel lintels at all masonry openings, porch railings and balusters, and round crawlspace vents.
1.1.1 Overview. This project is being carried out to eliminate hazards relating to the presence of lead- based paint. The work to be carried out, together with the steps to be taken to adequately protect the workers, assure a safe workplace, and provide for a safe adjoining environment are described in the following section.
1.1.2 OwnerÆs Role. The performance and execution of the project shall be monitored by Owner or OwnerÆs designated representative to ensure full compliance with these Specifications and applicable regulations. Owner will assume the cost associated with the independent laboratory and inspection work required in this Specification for the final clearance testing and random analyses as specifically noted.
1.1.3 ConsultantÆs Authority. The Owner has retained an environmental consultant for the purposes of the management of the Lead- Based Paint Abatement described herein. The Consultant will represent the Owner in all phases of the lead- based paint abatement project at the discretion of the Owner. The Abatement Subcontractor will regard the ConsultantÆs direction as authoritative and binding as provided herein, in matters particularly, but not limited to, the following:
A. Approval of work areas.
B. Review of monitoring results.
C. Completion of the various segments of work.
D. Final completion of lead- based paint abatement.
E. Submission of data.
F. Daily field punchlist items.
1.1.4 Division 1 applicability. The Conditions of the Contract and Division 1, General Requirements shall be part of this Section.
A. Document Review. Contractors shall examine all Drawings and all other Sections of the Specifications for requirements affecting the work of this Section. Questions on interpretations, omissions, and methods should be referred to the Owner.
1.2 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
1.2.1 Definitions. Applicable provisions of the General Conditions and Supplementary Conditions of the Contract and General Requirements are given in this Section. For the purposes of this Section:
A. Abatement: Means any measure designed to permanently eliminate lead- based paint hazards in accordance with standards established by the EPA Administrator pursuant to Title IV of the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA). Abatement strategies include: removal of lead- based paint; enclosure of lead- based paint; encapsulation of lead- based paint (with a product that has been shown to meet standards established or recognized pursuant to Title IV of TSCA); replacement of building components coated by lead- based paint; removal of lead- contaminated dust; removal or covering of lead- contaminated soil with a durable covering (not grass or sod, which are considered interim control measures); as well as all preparation, cleanup, disposal, post- abatement clearance testing, record- keeping, and monitoring (if applicable).
B. Abatement Area: Means the exterior of the building or an area isolated from the building interior by containment.
C. Accessible Surface: Means any surface which is below five (5) feet in height from the floor or ground or is exposed in such a way that a child can come in contact with the surface.
D. Biological Monitoring: Is the analysis of a personÆs blood to determine the level of lead contamination in the body. Biological monitoring for lead hazard reduction work includes blood sampling and analysis for lead and zinc protoporphyrin levels.
E. Certified Industrial Hygienist: Is a person certified by the American Board of Industrial Hygiene and who has at least four years experience and a graduate degree or five years experience; and who has passed a two- day examination offered by the Board (see also industrial hygienist).
F. Change Room: The area of a worker decontamination facility used for removing protective equipment prior to entering the clean room.
G. Clean Room: The area of a worker decontamination facility used for donning protective equipment and storing street clothes.
H. Code Enforcement Agency: Means the State Lead Poisoning Prevention Program or its agent, or the local board of health or other agency responsible for enforcing the State Sanitary Code or sections thereof.
I. Commissioner: means the Commissioner of Public Health
J. Common Area: Means a room or area that is accessible to more than one tenant in a building (e. g., common hallways, stairwells, laundry rooms).
K. "Consultant": Shall refer to the Environmental Consultant, and its designated, authorized representatives.
L. Containment: Means a process for protecting other workers, residents, and the environment by isolating areas from exposures to lead dust and debris created during abatement in a work area.
M. Decontamination of Personnel: Shall include, at a minimum, HEPA vacuuming of disposable personal protective clothing according to the provisions in 29 CFR 1926.62.
N. Decontamination of Work Areas: Shall be as specified in Section 3.1.
O. Defective Surface: Means peeling, flaking, chalking, scaling, or chipping paint; or, paint over crumbling, cracking, or falling plaster, or plaster with holes in it; paint over a defective or deteriorating substrate; paint that is separating from the substrate; and paint that is damaged in any manner such that a child can be exposed to the paint from the damaged area.
P. Employee: Any person employed or hired by an employer in any lawful employment.
Q. Employer: Any person, firm, corporation, partnership, association, or other entity engaged in a business or providing services, including the State and any of its political subdivisions, or any person acting in the direct interest of any of the foregoing in relation to any employee or place of employment.
R. Elevated Blood Lead Level: In adult workers, means a blood lead concentration equal to or greater than twenty- five (25) micrograms per deciliter (´g/ dl) or an increase of ten (10) ´g/ dl above baseline levels.
S. Enclosure: Means covering surfaces and sealing or caulking with durable materials so as to prevent or control chalking, peeling, or flaking substances containing toxic levels of lead from becoming part of house dust or accessible to children.
T. Entity: Means any person, partnership, firm, association, corporation, sole proprietorship, or any other business concern, state or local government agency or political subdivision or authority thereof, or any religious, social, or union organization, whether operated for profit or otherwise.
U. "General Trades Contractor": Shall refer to the contractor responsible for coordination of all filed sub- bids and general construction.
V. Hazardous Level of Lead for Waste Disposal: Is 5.0 parts per million (ppm) as defined by RCRA Toxicity Characteristic Leachate Procedure (TCLP) or other requirement set by local or state authorities.
W. High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) Filter: Means a type of filtering system capable of filtering out particles of 0.3 microns or greater diameter from a body of air at 99.97% efficiency or greater.
X. High Phosphate Detergent: Is detergent which contains at least five percent (5%) tri- sodium phosphate (TSP) or other equally effective cleaning agent.
AA. Intact Surface: Means a defect- free surface with no loose, peeling, chipping, or flaking paint. Painted surfaces must be free from crumbling, cracking, or falling plaster and must not have holes in them. Intact surfaces are not damaged in any way.
BB. Lead- based: Refers to paints, glazes, and other surface coverings containing a toxic level of lead.
CC. "Owner": Shall refer to the Owner and its designated, authorized representatives.
DD. Paint Removal: Means a strategy of abatement which entails stripping lead paint from surfaces.
EE. Qualified Abatement Subcontractor: A sub- contractor capable of providing a properly trained and equipped work force for abatement work. All workers employees to perform abatement activities shall have successfully completed a minimum of 24 hours of training in the potential hazards of abating lead based paint. Abatement contractors must possess the appropriate license or certification from the State or local government.
FF. Removal: Means a strategy of abatement which entails the removal of components, such as windows, doors, and trim that contain toxic levels of lead such that new components which are lead free may be installed.
GG. "Subcontractor": Shall refer to the Abatement Contractor.
HH. Toxic Level of Lead in Surface Coatings: Is 1.0 milligrams or more per square centimeter (mg/ cm) by XRF methods or 5,000 ´g/ g (0.5%) by laboratory testing, as defined in HUD Regulation and the Lead- Based Paint Poisoning Prevention Act.
II. Toxicity Characteristic Leachate Procedure (TCLP): Is the EPA required sample preparation for determining the hazard characteristic of a waste generated at a lead abatement site.
JJ. "Wet Wall": Shall refer to walls which contain plumbing fixtures and/ or pipes, including both supply and sanitary lines.
1.3 APPLICABLE DOCUMENTS/ REFERENCES
1.3.1 Safety Regulations. The following are some applicable Federal regulations:
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
29 CFR 1910 General Industry Standards
29 CFR 1910.1025 Lead Standard for General Industry
29 CFR 1910.134 Respiratory Protection
29 CFR 1910.1200 Hazard Communication
29 CFR 1910.245 Specifications for Accident Prevention (Sign and Tags)
29 CFR 1926 Construction Industry Standards
29 CFR 1926.62 Construction Industry Lead Standard
Environmental Protection Agency
40 CFR Part 261 United States Environmental Protection Agency Regulations
Department of Housing and Urban Development
24 CFR Parts 35, 36, 37 HUD Lead- Based Paint Regulations
HUD Guidelines for the Evaluation and Control of Lead- Based Paint Hazards in Housing
1.3.2 Codes and Standards. All work shall conform to the standards set by applicable federal, state and local laws, regulations, ordinances, and guidelines in such form in which they exist at the time of the work on the contract and as may be required by subsequent regulations including the following:
A. ASTM - American Society for Testing Materials.
B. ANSI - American National Standards Institute.
1. ANSI Z288.2- 8 Practices for Respiratory Protection
2. ANSI Z9.2 1979 Fundamentals Governing the Design and Operation of Local Exhaust Systems.
C. U. L. - Underwriters Laboratories, Inc.
1.3.3 Abatement Regulations and Guidelines. In addition to any detailed requirements of the
Specifications, the Abatement Subcontractor shall, at his own cost and expense, comply with all laws, ordinances, rules, and regulations of federal, state, regional and local authorities regarding handling and storing of lead waste material. The Contractor and Subcontractor must also comply with the provisions of the HUD Guidelines for the Evaluation and Control and Lead- Based Paint Hazards in Housing
1.3.4. Abatement SubcontractorÆs Responsibility
A. All regulations by the above and other governing agencies in their most current version are applicable throughout this project. Where there is a conflict between this Specification and the cited federal, state or local regulations or guidelines, the more restrictive or stringent requirements shall prevail. This Section refers to many requirements found in these references, but in no way is it intended to cite or reiterate all provisions therein or elsewhere. It is the Abatement SubcontractorÆs responsibility to know, understand, and abide by all such regulations, guidelines and common practices.
1.4 Abatement SUBCONTRACTOR
1.4.1 Qualification Criteria. The Owner requests that documentation be provided for all aspects of the work at the Bid opening detailing the firmÆs qualifications on the following criteria:
A. License Requirements. Firm( s) shall be qualified to perform abatement operations as defined by the HUD Guidelines and Local Law and have workers and supervisors who have successfully completed training courses covering abatement issues. This course shall cover all topics required by HUD, EPA and Local Law. These topics should include, but not be limited to, the following:
1. Toxicity of Lead
2. How Can I Protect Myself? (Respirators, Personal Protective Equipment and Decontamination Procedures)
3. Other Chemical and Safety Hazards
4. Using Tools
5. Completing the Project
6. Role of the Inspector
7. Lead in Construction and Abatement
8. Monitoring and Medical Removal
9. Signs and Labels
10. Preparing the Work Area
11. Cleanup: How and Why
13. Worker Responsibilities
All Contractors are also advised that licenses in other trades may be required. The Subcontractors are responsible for insuring that all licensing requirements for appropriate trades and procedures are met.
B. Demonstrated Ability of Workers. Firm( s) must demonstrate that they have (or will have) a sufficient number of trained abatement workers who have successfully completed training in accordance with the topics listed above to complete all aspects of work covered in this Specification.
C. Previous Experience
1) Abatement Subcontractor. The Abatement Subcontractor for abatement must have successfully completed at least three abatement projects involving all requirements elements of abatement work, including worker protection, medical monitoring, work area preparation, clean- up and clearance, valued at a minimum of one hundred thousand dollars ($ 100,000.00) for each project.
2) Abatement Subcontractors. If a Subcontractor for caustic paste, needlegun and pre- fabricated metal window wraps or other subtask in the abatement process will be used, the Subcontractor must be identified by name and contract amount on the bid form. If the Abatement Subcontractor plans to do this work, the firmÆs name and amount must be entered on the bid form. If the General Contractor plans to do this work, the firmÆs name must be entered in on the bid form, but the contract amount must be left blank.
The following insurance requirements may not be obtainable in all areas and may need to be relaxed depending on availability.
A. Prior to the start of work, the Abatement Subcontractor will secure and maintain, the following insurance.
Workers compensation and employers liability insurance subject to the laws of the state of _______. Such insurance shall include "All States and Voluntary endorsements as well as other endorsements that may be required by applicable jurisdictions.
Workers Compensation Limit - Statutory
Employers Liability Limit - $100,000/ person
Abatement liability policy including completed operations liability. The completed operations liability will extend for a minimum period of five years beyond completion of the abatement work. The Abatement contractor will be issued an occurrence policy with a minimum limit of $500,000 per occurrence and $1,000,000 aggregate.
Commercial general liability insurance insuring bodily injury, personal injury, and property damage with a combined single limit of $500,000 each occurrence and $1,000,000 aggregate including contractual liability and contractors protective liability. Automobile bodily and property damage liability insurance, covering all owned and nonowned automobiles, with a minimum of $500,000 combined single limit per accident. Such insurance shall include the transportation of any hazardous material generated from the abatement work.
B. The Abatement contractor shall required its insurer( s) to waive all rights of subrogation against the Owner, Project Manager, Consultant, Architect and Engineer and all other contractors and their directors, officers and employees with respect to work or operations in connection with this abatement project. The policy( ies) shall be endorsed to name the Owner, as additional insured with respect to claims or injury arising from the work or operations for this abatement project.
C. The Abatement Contractor shall, prior to commencement of work at this project, furnish evidence of the insurance required above to the Owner. The abatement Contractor shall also provide proof of workers compensation, employers liability automobile liability and abatement liability insurance covering the operations related to this project. The required proof should be provided in the form of the ACCORD insurance certificate and the certificate shall provide for 30 days notice to the Owner of any material reduction in coverage.
D. Abatement Subcontractor shall indemnify, hold harmless, and defend the Owner and the Consultant and any of its affiliates, partially or wholly owner entities, and any of their agents, employees, or officers (hereinafter referred to as "Releases") from and against any and all losses, claims judgements, including legal fees and expenses, of any and every nature and description brought or recoverable against Abatement Subcontractor or Releases by reason of any act, intentional or otherwise, or employees, arising directly or indirectly from the nature of the work covered by this Agreement, including but not limited to, the removal, handling and disposal of hazardous material.
1.5 SPECIFIC ABATEMENT SUB- CONTRACTOR RESPONSIBILITIES
1.5.1 Notifications/ Approvals
1. Provide in proper and timely fashion all necessary notifications to relevant Federal, State and local authorities and obtain and comply with the provisions of all permits or applications required by the work specified, as well as make all required submittals required under those auspices. The Abatement Subcontractor shall indemnify the Owner, Architect and Consultant from, and pay for all claims resulting from, failure to adhere to these provisions. The costs for all permits, applications, and the like, are to be borne by the Abatement Subcontractor. For each apartment, the Abatement Subcontractor shall notify in writing the following agencies, five (5) days prior to the date abatement will begin (in accordance with Local Law) and shall provide evidence of notifications to the Owner and General Trades Contractor at the preconstruction conference and on site at all times:
a. Certification or Licensing State Agency
b. Department of Public Health Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program
c. Occupants of the Dwelling Unit to be abated and occupants of the Building to undergo abatement activities, in conjunction with Owner.
1.5.2 Fees, Permits and Licenses
A) The Abatement Subcontractor shall pay all licensing fees, royalties, and other costs necessary for the use of any copyrighted or patented product, design, invention, or processing the performance of the job specified in this Section. The Abatement Subcontractor shall be solely responsible for costs, damages or losses resulting from any infringement of these patent rights or copyrights. The Abatement Subcontractor shall hold the Owner, Architect and the Consultant harmless from any costs, damages, and losses resulting from any infringement of these patent rights or copyrights. If the Contract Specification requests the use of any product, design, invention, or process that requires a licensing fee or royalty fee for use in the performance of the job, the Abatement Subcontractor shall be responsible for the fee or royalty and shall disclose the existence of such rights.
B) Applications and Permits. The Abatement Subcontractor shall make all applicable and necessary notifications (in proper and timely fashion) to relevant federal, state, and local authorities and shall obtain and comply with the provisions of all permits or applications required by the work specified, as well as make all required submittals required under those auspices. The Abatement Subcontractor shall indemnify the Owner, Architect and Consultant from, and pay for all claims resulting from failure to adhere to these provisions. The costs for all permits, applications, and the like, are to be assumed by the Abatement Subcontractor.
C) The Abatement Subcontractor shall be responsible for securing all necessary permits for work under this Section, including hauling, removal, and disposal, fire, and materials usage, or any other permits required to perform the specified work.
1.5.3 Coordination/ Cooperation. The Abatement Subcontractor shall meet with the Architect, Owner, and Consultant for a Pre- Construction meeting prior to commencing work on the project. The meeting shall be at the facility of Owner at a mutually convenient time and date to be determined by the Owner and Consultant. At the meeting, the Abatement Subcontractor shall be represented by authorized representatives and the field supervisors who shall run the project on a daily basis, and shall present evidence that all requirements for initiation of the work have been met. The minimum agenda for the meeting shall be:
A) Channels of communication;
B) Construction schedule, including sequence of critical work;
C) Designation of responsible personnel;
D) Procedures for safety, security, quality control, housekeeping, and related matters;
E) Use of premises, facilities and utilities;
F) Review of "Pre- Job Submittals;" and
G) Discussion of a detailed Project Specification Work Plan
composed of at least the following:
¸ A sketch showing the detail, location and layout of the clean area, the dirty area (Decon System) and the work area.
¸ The sequencing of the work.
¸ The timing and projected completion of the work.
¸ Detailed description of the method to be employed in order to control airborne and waste water pollution.
¸ The type of equipment and amount of equipment available to the Abatement Subcontractor to be used on the project, including HEPA vacuums, etc.
¸ The procedures to contain, package and remove the waste from the work area and the procedures and locations of the disposal of hazardous and non- hazardous waste.
¸ An air sampling plan which includes:
- Air sampling training and strategy, sampling locations, projected number of samples; and frequency, methodology, and duration of sampling.
¸ The type of respirators to be used, protective equipment to be used, and a respirator program, if applicable.
¸ A safety precautions plan may include special precautions taken by the Abatement Sub or Subcontractors in performing their respective tasks, safety equipment to be worn by employees, frequency of safety meetings, and all other relevant functions to be performed by the abatement Contractors to ensure a safe workplace.
¸ Any other data that enhances this work plan. Innovative ideas and/ or technology are encouraged.
1.5.4 Documentation/ Submittals
A) Pre- Abatement/ Job. The Abatement Subcontractor shall provide three (3) copies of the following Pre-Job Submittals at the Pre- Construction Conference for the acceptance of the Owner:
1) Copies of all notifications, permits, applications, licenses and like documents required by federal, state, or local regulations obtained or submitted in proper fashion.
2) Copies of medical records, including lead blood level monitoring data and a notarized statement by the examining medical doctor that such examinations took place, and when, for each employee to be used on the project.
3) Copies of ContractorÆs certificates, licenses, and copies of each supervisorÆs license and workersÆ certificates
4) Record of successful respirator fit testing performed by a qualified individual within the previous six months, for each employee to be used on this project with the employeeÆs name and social security number with each record;
5) Proposed respiratory protection program for employees throughout all phases of the job, including make, model and NIOSH approval numbers of respirators to be used;
6) A detailed Project Specification Work Plan as described in Section 3.1.1.
7) Written description, for the OwnerÆs review and acceptance, of all proposed procedures, methods, or equipment to be utilized that differ from the Contract Specifications, including manufacturers specifications on any equipment not specified for use by this Section; in all instances, the Subcontractor must comply with all applicable federal, state and local regulations.
8) Proposed electrical safeguards to be implemented by qualified Electrical Subcontractor, including but not limited to location of transformers, GFCI outlets, lighting, and power panels necessary to safely perform the job, including a description of electrical hazards safety plan for common practices in the work area.
9) Proposed worker orientation plan which at a minimum includes a description of lead hazards and abatement methodologies, a review of worker protection requirements, and the outline of safety procedures.
10) Chain- of- Command of responsibility at work site including supervisors, foreman, and competent person, their names, resumes and certificates of training.
11) List of all supervisors and workers intended to be assigned to the project.
12) Proposed Emergency Plan and route of egress from work areas in case of fire or injury, including the name and phone number of nearest medical assistance center. This shall be conspicuously posted at the work site.
13) The name and address of Abatement SubcontractorÆs blood lead testing lab, OSHA- CDC listing, and Certification in the state where work site is located.
14) The name and address of Abatement SubcontractorÆs personal air monitoring and waste disposal lead testing laboratory( ies) including certification( s) of accreditation for lead in the EPA National Lead Laboratory Accreditation Program, listing of relevant experience in air and debris lead analysis, and presentation of a documented Quality Assurance and Quality Control Program.
15) Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) on all materials and chemicals to be used on the project.
16) Name, address, and ID number of the hazardous waste hauler, waste transfer route, and proposed disposal site.
17) Name, address, and ID number of the proposed construction debris site.
18) Proposed heating system to be employed.
B) During Job. The Abatement Subcontractor is required to submit to the Owner and Consultant, a weekly status report including:
1) Number of buildings started
2) Number of buildings completed awaiting test results
3) Number of buildings failing clearance
4) Number of buildings passing clearance
5) Results from personal air samples
6) Results from TCLP testing
7) Results from other testing
8) Quantity of materials used during the abatement process. (Tyvek suits, poly, chemical, etc.)
9) Any other relevant data as requested by the Owner.
10) Medical, license, and Respirator Fit Test 24 hours in advance of any new employees starting on the project.
C) Post- abatement. The Abatement Subcontractor is required to submit to the Owner the following at a Post- Construction conference:
1) Copies of manifests and receipts acknowledging disposal of all hazardous and non- hazardous waste material from the project showing delivery date, quantity, and appropriate signature of landfillÆs authorized representative.
2) A notarized copy of the entry- exit logbook.
3) All personal monitoring results.
4) All TCLP test results.
1.6 PERSONAL PROTECTION
Respiratory Protection/ Protective Clothing
A. Prior to commencing all work, all workers shall be instructed in all aspects of personnel protection, work procedures, emergency evacuation procedures and use of equipment including procedures unique to this project.
B. Respiratory protection shall meet the requirements of OSHA as presented in 29 CFR 1910.134 titled "Respiratory Protection" and 29 CFR 1926.62 titled "Lead in Construction." The protection factors shown in 29 CFR 1926.62 shall be used for this project.
C. Abatement Subcontractor shall provide appropriate respiratory protection equipment for each worker and ensure usage during potential lead exposure.
D. Abatement Subcontractor shall select respirators from among those jointly approved as being acceptable for protection by the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) under the provisions of 30 CFR Part 11.
E. Abatement Subcontractor shall have adequate supply of HEPA filter elements or other necessary filter elements and spare parts on site for respirators in use.
Respiratory Protection Requirements
1. The Qualified Abatement Subcontractor shall provide respirators and all necessary maintenance materials at no cost to the employees. Employees shall wear the following respirators at all times while abatement work is underway or while present in the work area.
(a) For use while sanding, scraping or stripping with a heat gun, the minimum required respirator shall be the half- mask, air- purifying respirator equipped with HEPA filters or a powered, air- purifying respirator with high efficiency filters or the half mask supplied- air respirator operated in the positive- pressure mode, if required under local law.
(b) For use with caustics or in replacement, the minimum required respirator shall be the half- mask, air- purifying respirator equipped with high efficiency filters. Whenever a chemical preparation is used in conjunction with a mechanical or powered technique, the use of an additional combination cartridge, appropriate to the exposure, shall be used unless a supplied- air respirator is used.
(c) For use during removal or demolition of components with surfaces covered with lead- based paint, the minimum required respirator shall be the half- mask, air purifying respirator equipped with high efficiency filters.
1.7 SEQUENCING AND SCHEDULING
1.7.1 Work/ Scheduling Requirements. Work shall be carried out in sequential phases. Inspection and approval of each phase by the Consultant shall be sought and gained before proceeding to the next phase and in accordance with the schedule agreed upon by Owner at the Pre- Construction meeting as amended. As a Contract requirement, any reasonable delay caused by this requirement will not constitute a basis for claim against the Owner or Consultant.
1.7.2 Job Sequences
A) The Abatement Subcontractor shall extend full cooperation to Owner in all matters involving the use of OwnerÆs facilities. At no time shall the Abatement Subcontractor cause or allow to be caused conditions which may cause risk or hazard to the general public or conditions that might impair safe use of the facility. The use of the facilityÆs electricity, water or like utilities by the Abatement Subcontractor shall be coordinated through the Owner.
B) The Abatement Subcontractor shall submit a time- line schedule, not date specific, to Owner and Consultant for integration into the overall project schedule. Coordinate the work of this section with that of all other trades. Phasing and scheduling of this project will be at the discretion of the Owner and Consultant and shall not proceed in any area without the express consent of the Owner and Consultant. The Abatement Subcontractor shall be available within 24 hours notice for additional work or rework if after acceptance of the work it is found that full abatement or clearance was not achieved from the initial work effort as determined by the Owner and Consultant.
It shall be understood by the Abatement Subcontractor that this project is being done on a building- by- building basis and delays between each building should be anticipated since the General Contractor must complete installation of the new electrical service conduit prior to starting a new building.
C) The proposed time line for the work in this Section, as noted above, shall show the time involved from start to finish of abatement operations, including preparation, removal, clean- up, and tear- down portions of the job.
D) A final written schedule shall be prepared for approval by the Owner and the Consultant.
1.7.3 Working Hours. Refer to Division 1 General Requirements Section 01020 1.02 for specific requirements. a) The work in this Section shall be carried on under the usual construction conditions, in conjunction with all other work at the site. The Abatement Subcontractor shall cooperate with the Owner, Consultant, General Contractor, and sub- contractors and equipment suppliers working on the site, coordinate the work with them and proceed in a manner so as not to delay the progress of the project.
B) The Abatement Subcontractor shall coordinate the work with the progress of the work of other trades so that the work shall be completed as soon as conditions permit. Any overtime hours worked or additional costs incurred due to lack of or improper coordination with General Contractor or other trades of the General Contractor by the Abatement Subcontractor shall be assumed by the Abatement Subcontractor without any additional cost to the Owner.
C) Any costs associated with repeated cleaning due to a failure to achieve clearance shall be borne by the Abatement Subcontractor without any additional cost to the Owner.
PART 2 PRODUCTS
2.1 SUBSTITUTION OF MATERIALS AND/ OR METHODS
A. Any substitution in materials or methods to those specified shall be approved by the Consultant and Owner prior to use. Any requests for substitution shall be provided in writing to the Consultant and the Owner. The request shall clearly state the rationale for the substitution.
B. Submit to the Consultant and the Owner product data and samples of all materials to be considered as an alternate.
C. Product data shall consist of manufacturerÆs catalog sheets, brochures, diagrams, schedules, performance charts, illustrations, material safety data sheets (MSDS) and other standard descriptive data. Submittal data shall be clearly marked to identify pertinent materials, products or models and show performance characteristics and capacities. Samples shall be of sufficient size and quantity to clearly illustrate the functional characteristics of the product or material with integrally related parts and attachment devices.
D. No work shall begin which requires submittal for approval until the consultant has "approved" or "approved as noted" the submittal.
2.2.1 Materials and Equipment
A. The work of this Section, without limiting the generality thereof, includes the furnishing of labor, materials, tools, equipment, services and incidentals necessary to complete all Lead Based Paint Abatement in accordance with the Plans and Specifications. These Plans and Specifications are intended to describe, and provide for a finished and complete piece of work; work which is described by any portion of these documents shall be complete in every detail and in accordance with established trade practice, notwithstanding whether or not every item or detail necessarily involved is particularly mentioned.
B. Approvals and Inspections. All temporary facilities, work procedures, equipment, materials, services, and agreements must strictly adhere to and meet this Section along with EPA, OSHA, NIOSH, HUD regulations recommendations, and guidelines, as well as any other federal state, and local regulations. Where there exists an overlap of these regulations and guidelines, the most stringent one applies. All work performed by the Abatement Subcontractor is further subject to approval of the Owner, and/ or Consultant.
A. Deliver all materials in the original packages, containers, or bundles bearing the name of the manufacturer and the brand name and product technical description. B. Damaged or deteriorating materials shall not be used and shall be removed from the premises.
C. Polyethylene sheet in a roll size to minimize the frequency of joints shall be delivered to job site with factory label indicating 6 mil.
D. Polyethylene disposable bags shall be six (6) mil with pre- printed label. Tie wraps for bags shall be plastic, five (5) inches long (minimum), pointed and looped to secure filled plastic bags.
E. Tape or adhesive spray will be capable of sealing joints in adjacent polyethylene sheets and for attachment of polyethylene sheet to finished or unfinished surfaces of dissimilar materials and capable of adhering under both dry and wet conditions, including use of amended water.
F. Impermeable containers are to be used to receive and retain any lead containing or contaminated materials until disposal at an acceptable disposal site. (The containers shall be labeled in accordance with EPA and DOT standards.
G. HEPA filtered exhaust systems shall be used during any dust generating abatement operations.
H. All caustics shall be properly labeled and containerized in leak- tight containers.
I. Machine Sanding Equipment - Sanders shall be of the dual action, rotary action, orbital or straight line system type, fitted with a high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) dust pick- up system. Air compressors utilized to operate this equipment shall be designed to continuously provide 90 to 110 p. s. i. or as recommended by the manufacturer.
J. Heat Blower Gun Equipment - Electrically- operated, heat- blower gun shall be a flameless electrical paint softener type. Heat- blower shall have electronically controlled temperature settings to allow usage below a temperature of 1,100 degrees Fahrenheit. Heat- blower shall be DI type (non- grounded) 120 V, AC application. Heat- blower shall be equipped with various nozzles to cover all common applications (cone, fan, glass protector, spoon reflector, etc.).
K. Chemical Stripping Removers - Chemical removers shall contain no methylene chloride products. Chemical removers shall be compatible with, and not harmful to the substrate that they are applied to. Chemical removers used on masonry surfaces shall contain anti- stain formulation that inhibits discoloration of stone, granite, brick and other masonry construction. Chemical removers used on interior surfaces shall not raise or discolor the surface being abated.
L. Chemical Stripping Agent Neutralizer - Chemical stripping agent neutralizers may be used on exterior surfaces only. Neutralizers shall be compatible with and not harmful to the substrate that they are applied to. Neutralizers shall be compatible with the stripping agent that has been applied to the surface substrate.
2.2.3 TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
A. Provide suitable tools for all abatement operations.
B. The Abatement Subcontractor shall have available sufficient inventory or dated purchase orders for materials necessary for the job including protective clothing, respirators, filter cartridges, polyethylene sheeting of proper size and thickness, tape, and air filters.
C. The Abatement Subcontractor shall have available power cables or sources such as generators (where required).
D. Vacuum units, of suitable size and capacities for project, shall have HEPA filter( s) capable of trapping and retaining at least 99.97% of all monodispersed particles of 0.3 micrometers in diameter.
E. The Abatement Subcontractor will have reserve units so that the station system will operate continuously.
PART 3 - EXECUTION
3.0 LOCATION AND WORK STATEMENT
The site for abatement and locations of the effected buildings are described in the summary of work. The Abatement Subcontractor shall retain full ownership of all lead waste and construction waste generated during abatement procedures outlined in this specification. Specific work locations and component schedules are listed on Drawings as well as the locations listed below.
3.01 Exterior Component Abatement Schedules and Locations
A. Gutters and Downspouts. Gutters, downspouts, and associated hardware shall be removed from all residential buildings.
B. Drainage Boots. Drainage boots shall be removed from all residential buildings with the exception of the following buildings:
C. Exterior Trim Components. Exterior trim components shall
be removed from all residential buildings at both sites. These
components shall include the following:
1. Facia Board
2. Rake Board
3. Corner Board
4. Freeze Board
5. Skirt Board
6. Miscellaneous Trim
D. Siding. Exterior siding material shall be removed from the following buildings in Alternate Bid #1 only:
E. Canopies. The following list of canopy components shall
be removed from all residential buildings at both sites. These
1. Asphalt shingles
2. Building felt paper
3. Aluminum drip edge
4. Fascia boards
5. Rake boards
7. Wood siding
F. Window Components. All window components shall be removed
from all residential buildings at both sites (see Drawing) These
components shall include the following:
1. Window sashes
2. Window trough casings
3. Window stops
4. Basement windows
6. Caulks and Sealants
7. Storms and Screens
G. Door Components. All exterior door components shall be removed from all residential buildings at both sites. (See Drawing) These components include the following:
2. Door jambs and headers
3. Exterior casings
4. Interior casings
7. Caulks and Sealants 8. Storms and Screens
H. Attic Vents. All exterior attic vents and associated trim shall be removed from all residential buildings. (See Drawing) These components include:
1. Louvre vents
2. Associated trim components
K. Electrical Conduit. All electrical conduits associated with lead- based painted wood surfaces only are to be removed from all residential buildings.
L. Bulkheads. Existing flashing at all bulkheads is to be removed and disposed.
M. Stripping. On- site stripping of the following exterior
components containing lead- based paint:
2. Flashing and steel lintels at all brick masonry openings
3. Round crawlspace vents
4. Drainage system boots
5. Splattered paint on concrete and brick surfaces as designated by on- site testing
6. Exterior railings, guards, and balusters, as shown on pages 79 through 95.
7. Flashing at canopies on brick walls
8. Flashing at triangular louvre units
3.1 WORK AREA SET UP
A. Site Safety. The Abatement Subcontractor is responsible for all safety at the work site.
This includes, but is not limited to electrical safety, mechanical (tool) safety, fire safety, and personnel protective safety. Safety requirements are, for the most part, common sense and sound business practice; however, the Abatement Subcontractor is advised that federal, state and local regulations exist which govern safety on the work site. Therefore, in addition to the following, the Abatement Subcontractor is responsible for adhering to the most stringent requirements in affect by any of the following entities or these Specifications.
1. A primary concern in this type of work is to ensure that adequate exits exist in the event of an emergency and conversely, that adequate entrances exist for emergency personnel. The nature of this work requires sealing entrances and the extensive use of six- mil polyethylene sheeting; however, the Abatement Subcontractor should never permanently seal (i. e., nail, bolt, hard cover) any potential escape exits and should take extra care to clearly identify potential exits and inform the workers.
B. WORK SITE SAFETY PLAN
Prior to the initiation of the abatement work, the following tasks must be completed by the Contractor:
The Abatement Subcontractor shall establish a work site safety plan which includes a set of emergency procedures and shall post them in a conspicuous place at the work site. The safety plan should include provisions for the following:
1) Evacuation of injured workers
2) Emergency and fire exit routes from all work areas, including local telephone numbers for fire and medical emergency personnel
3) Copies of applicable insurance certificates
4) Employee work logs
The Abatement Subcontractor is responsible for training all workers in safety procedures. At a minimum, one employee on site shall be trained and certified in basic first aid by the American Red Cross or equivalent. A general first aid kit may be maintained in the containment for treating minor medical problems.
C. Access to Work Areas
1. The Owner will provide specific access as required during the project to the Abatement Subcontractor and personnel assigned to the project. The Abatement Subcontractor will be responsible for the security of each building or portion thereof involved in the abatement project. It will also be the Abatement SubcontractorÆs responsibility to allow only authorized personnel as defined below in Section 3.5 into the work area, and to secure all assigned entrances and exits at the end of the work day so as to prevent unauthorized entry.
2. The Abatement Subcontractor shall maintain a bound log book in which any person entering or leaving the lead abatement work area must sign and enter the dates and times of entry and departure.
3. Use of waste containers on- site shall be controlled under
the following requirements:
(a) Location of waste containers on- site shall be coordinated with the Owner and Consultant.
(b) The waste containers shall be solid enclosed containers, lined with two layers of six- mil polyethylene sheeting and locked and secured at all times.
(c) The Abatement Subcontractor shall comply with all federal, state and local regulations and ordinances regarding lead waste storage.
4. The Abatement Subcontractor, supervisor will not allow anyone access to the dwelling unless they have successfully passed an approved training program.
3.1.3 Exterior Abatement Preparation
A. Prior to the commencement of any abatement procedures, notification requirements must be met; required signs shall be posted and moveable objects shall be moved a minimum of four feet from the perimeter walls of the room.
B. Pre- abatement work shall be performed prior to any abatement or component removal commencing on each side of the building.
C. Decontamination Unit. At a minimum, the Abatement Subcontractor shall construct a two- stage decontamination unit. This unit shall be directly adjacent to the abatement area for the decontamination of workers contaminated with lead. The decontamination unit shall consist of an equipment room, dirty room, and wash area in series. The Contractor shall ensure that employees use the worker decontamination chamber prior to leaving the work area.
1. The decontamination unit shall be constructed with six- mil polyethylene sheeting on floors, walls and ceiling. Doors through this unit shall be constructed as described in paragraph 7, above.
D. Clean area. The Abatement Subcontractor shall select a clean area outside the abatement area for the workers to change into protective equipment. This area shall contain warm water hand washing facilities (potable water), clean cloths, storage for a HEPA vacuum, and respirator storage space. Table, chairs and a rest facility shall also be available at this location. Contaminated equipment or personnel shall not be permitted in this area.
E. Abatement area.
1. The Abatement Subcontractor shall pre- clean all surfaces with a HEPA vacuum and protect occupantsÆ belongings by covering with one layer of six mil polyethylene and have joints taped. All debris gathered during this clean- up shall be disposed of properly. In addition, any existing loose paint or paint bearing materials found in the buildings are to be assumed hazardous and packaged and disposed of properly. The amount of the material should be estimated during the pre- bid walkthrough.
2. For exterior work, the Abatement Subcontractor shall prepare the area as follows:
a) Doors and Windows: Doors and windows on the side of the building upon which a dust- generating method is being used, and on the same floor and all floors below, must be closed and covered with six- mil thick polyethylene sheeting.
b) Plants and Ground: The ground and any plants or shrubs in the area in which exterior abatement is occurring shall be covered with a waterproof canvas tarp and weighted at all edges so as to prevent blowing. Such covering shall cover from the side of the structure to a point at least eight feet away from the structure. The covering shall be taped or otherwise attached to the structure.
(1) The waterproof canvas tarp shall always be placed in a manner that traps all debris and water. This is best accomplished by elevating the edges.
(2) The waterproof canvas tarp shall be properly disposed of and not re- used.
3. Special Areas. Any abatement project being performed on any structure other than a building shall be arranged, equipped and operated in a manner which will eliminate the possibility of lead contaminants or lead contaminated materials escaping from the work area.
a) The Abatement Subcontractor shall maintain polyethylene barriers, and a clean area as long as needed for the safe and proper completion of the work. Any openings or tears in the work area barriers shall be corrected by the Abatement Subcontractor at the beginning of each work day and as necessary during the workday with such openings or tears reported immediately to the Owner. Work will not be allowed to commence until all barriers are in place and acceptable to the Consultant.
4. Barriers shall not be removed until the work areas are thoroughly cleaned, and the area approved by the Consultant. All debris must be properly bagged and removed from work areas, and the lead surface wipe samples must have passed final clearance tests, in accordance with provisions detailed in the Specification prior to barrier removal.
5. At the OwnerÆs and ConsultantÆs approval, the Abatement Subcontractor may utilize a portable mini- isolation chamber to create an isolated work area around single components to be removed. This chamber shall still be equipped with an adjacent clean room, and become an isolated work area sealed at all seams to where it is attached to adjacent surfaces. It shall also satisfy all requirements for a work area and satisfy all clearance criteria, as identified in this Section and Local Law.
G. Signs. Prior to the preparation of a dwelling for abatement, the Abatement Subcontractor shall place warning signs immediately outside all entrances and exits to the dwelling, warning that abatement work is being conducted in the vicinity. The signs shall be at least 20" x 14" and read:
Signs shall be in bold lettering with lettering not smaller than two inches tall.
H. Construct and maintain suitable polyethylene barriers within the building to isolate the exterior work area from the interior of the building.
I. The polyethylene barriers termed "critical barriers" for the removal of windows shall consist of the following:
1. Pre- Clean all interior window surfaces with a HEPA- equipped vacuum.
2. Seal duct tape lip to inner most sill, casing and header surfaces of the window.
3. Seal two layers of six mil polyethylene sheeting from the duct tape lip on the inside sill of the dwelling unit window and extend up to the inside surface of the top interior casing. The first layer of sheeting applied shall be sealed to the inside faces of the window casing. The polyethylene sheeting shall be sealed to a piece of three- inch wide duct tape forming a lip attached to the interior window perimeter of the window casing. Refer to Diagram.
4. There shall be no cavity in the polyethylene sheeting created that would allow lead dust to accumulate, which cannot be removed with HEPA vacuuming. This shall allow for removal of this polyethylene sheeting from the exterior of the building, without the generation of lead dust, once the window is removed and cleanup is complete.
5. The second layer of polyethylene sheeting shall be applied over the first layer and sealed directly to the inner face of the cut tape lip and window sill and casing.
6. This sealing of windows shall be done from the interior prior to the beginning of any exterior work.
J. The critical barriers for the removal of front and back doors and front and back door jambs, casing, and associated trim, shall consist of the following:
1. After precleaning activities of HEPA vacuuming floor and surfaces to be abated, seal with duct tape one layer of polyethylene sheeting over a 4Æ x 4Æ floor area extending in from the entrance doorway. This floor sheeting shall extend a minimum of six inches up the adjacent wall.
2. Remove the entrance door as described in this section.
3. Construct a mini- containment chamber with a double layer of six- mil polyethylene sheeting to isolate the inside door frame from the interior of the unit.
4. Seal mini- containment chamber to the interior wall a minimum of six inches from the interior door casing. Seal walls of the chamber to the floor poly. Cover ceiling with one layer of six- mil polyethylene. A prefabricated containment system may be used if approved by the Consultant.
5. Allow sufficient clearance around the door frame and casing to permit workers adequate access to remove the components without breaching the containment system.
6. Containment chamber shall remain in place during door, door casing, and jamb replacement.
K. The exterior of the building and the ground surrounding the building shall be covered with plastic sheeting or tarpaulins from the edge of the building to a point at least eight feet away and secured to the ground.
L. The poly barriers shall not be removed until after all debris, dust, and chips are vacuumed up from the exterior.
M. Maintain polyethylene barriers, as long as needed for the safe and proper completion of the work. Any breeches in the work area barriers shall be corrected immediately and as necessary during the work day with such breeches reported immediately to the Owner. Work will not be allowed to commence until all barriers are in place and acceptable to the Consultant.
N. Window barriers shall not be removed until the window opening and polyethylene sheeting thoroughly cleaned as specified in this section, all debris has been properly bagged and removed from work areas, and the lead surface wipe samples have been taken in accordance with provisions detailed herein.
3.2 OCCUPANT PROTECTION
During the course of the abatement project, the protection of the building occupants and their belongings shall be the responsibility of both the Abatement Subcontractor and the occupants. Relocations of occupants and the use of engineering controls shall be employed throughout the entire project.
3.2.1 OwnerÆs Responsibilities
The Owner shall be responsible for all aspects addressing the relocation of tenants during daily construction activities of the abatement project. This shall include, but not be limited to, the following:
A. Provision of supplementary living quarters for tenant displaced during daily construction activities.
3.2.2 TenantÆs Responsibility
The tenants shall be responsible for providing an unobstructed work place for the Abatement Subcontractor prior to vacating the unit during daily construction activities. The tenantsÆ responsibilities include, but are not limited to, the following:
A. Removal of all paintings, pictures, plaques, draperies, shelves, and otherwise applied items from outside wall surfaces within the apartment.
B. Removal of all furniture from around the perimeter of the outside walls to a location in the center of the room no closer than four (4) feet from the work area walls. If the room is too small to accomplish this, the furniture must be removed from the room.
C. If the tenants are not capable of moving large items, the Owner shall be notified forty- eight (48) hours in advance, and shall supply a work crew to do so.
3.2.3 Abatement SubcontractorÆs Responsibility
The Abatement Subcontractor shall be responsible for establishing and maintaining all engineering controls referenced herein and as required to prevent dispersal of lead contamination from the work area. While this is the prime responsibility of the Abatement Subcontractor, additional responsibility will include, but not be limited to, the following:
A. Provide notifications and posting as required by these specifications.
B. Protect tenantsÆ personal possessions as specified in these specifications including, but not limited to, furniture and boxed items located in the center of work area rooms.
C. The Abatement Subcontractor shall be responsible for and bear all costs resulting from damage caused to the tenantsÆ possessions during the abatement work.
3.3 PROTECTIVE PROCEDURES
3.3.1 Personal Air monitoring. Both personal air and area (ambient) air sampling will occur periodically throughout the project. The Abatement Subcontractor is advised of the following sampling:
A. Consultant will perform clean area air monitoring sampling and analysis for all phases of the work in this Section. This sampling will include personal air monitoring of Abatement Subcontractor employees and ambient air sampling within the work area.
B. Air samples may also be collected by the Consultant outside critical barriers of the work area in the clean room, and in areas adjacent to the clean room.
C. The Consultant will also collect wipe samples both within the abatement area and outside.
D. Any adjustment, tampering, and/ or deliberate interference with Consultant air monitoring equipment by the Abatement SubcontractorÆs personnel will not be tolerated. Furthermore, the Abatement Subcontractor may be held liable for prosecution under applicable laws and regulations for attempting to falsify test results.
3.3.2 Worker Protection Requirements
A. Biological Monitoring. All workers must have baseline and post- abatement blood lead level measurements determined by the whole blood lead method, utilizing the Vena- Puncture technique with results provided to the Owner and Consultant. This screening shall be performed every two months for the first six (6) months, and every six months thereafter if blood lead levels do not increase by more than 10 ´g/ dl. In addition, the Abatement Subcontractor shall have a medical examination performed on each employee. This medical examination must be performed before workers begin lead contaminated work area and at the termination of an employeeÆs employment or yearly, whichever comes first. A worker shall be removed from the job whenever three blood sampling tests average more than 25 ´g/ dl or if a single test exceeds 30 ´g/ dl. A formal investigation shall occur whenever a workerÆs blood lead level rises more than 10 ´g/ dl over the baseline level. The Abatement Subcontractor shall be responsible for medical surveillance and record keeping, as defined in the OSHA Lead in Construction Standard (29 CFR 1926.62) and Local Law.
B. Training Requirements. All workers and supervisors shall have successfully completed a course provided by a licensed training provider meeting all requirements of EPA and Local Law. Supervisors shall be licensed by the responsible Local State Agency responsible. The Abatement Subcontractor will adhere to the requirements of OSHA regulations CFR 1910.1200 and 1926.62.
C. Supervision. The Abatement Subcontractor shall provide one site supervisor whose responsibilities include coordination, safety, security and execution of all phases of the lead removal project. The supervisor shall not be used as a lead removal worker, and shall be assigned full time to the project. The supervisor shall be fully qualified in all aspects of lead abatement practices and procedures, and have a three- day training course provided by a certified training provider and approved by the responsible Local State Agency within the previous year prior to commencement of lead- related work.
D. Respirators and Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
1) Personal protection in the form of disposable coveralls and NIOSH and MSHA approved respirators, is required for all workers, supervisors, and authorized visitors entering the work area during the abatement and cleaning operations. A half- face negative pressure respirator is required until air monitoring data proves otherwise. Authorized visitors (i. e., federal, state, and local inspectors) must provide a current health and medical report certifying them as approved to wear half- face respirators, and must wear PAPRs until air monitoring data permits the use of half face respirators.
2) Each worker shall be supplied with a minimum of two (2) complete disposable suits every day. Removal workers shall not be limited to two (2) suits, and the Abatement Subcontractor will be required to supply additional suits as is necessary. In addition to disposable suits for the workers, the Abatement Subcontractor shall also supply suits for the Consultant and other personnel who are authorized to inspect the worksite. Contractor must consider this cost in the bid. Disposable suits, such as TYVEK suits, and other personal protective equipment (PPE) must be donned prior to entering work area. A clean area will be provided for workers to put on suits and other personal protective equipment and to store their street clothes.
Suits will be worn inside the work area after the area passes pre- abatement inspection and shall remain in use until the area passes final clearance inspection. Light weight nylon clothes may be worn under the suit, but these clothes must be changed before leaving the work area and should be laundered separately.
3) Work clothes shall consist of moisture repellent, disposable full- body suits, head covers, gloves with cuffs extending outside the sleeves of the protective suit, boot or shoe covers, a face shield and eye protection. Hard hats shall be worn. In addition, when caustic paste is used as an abatement agent, full- body suits and gloves impervious to caustics, glove extenders, face shields and boot or shoe covers are required.
4) Eye protection to personnel engaged in lead operations shall be furnished when the use of a full face respirator is not required.
5) Goggles with side shields will be worn when working with a material that may splash or fragment, or if protective eye wear is specified on the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for that product.
6) Additional respiratory protection by supplemental filters, such as organic vapor cartridges, may be needed when handling some coating products. Consult the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) and obtain the proper filters as necessary.
7) The Abatement Subcontractor shall provide portable eyewash stations inside all work areas where caustic paste is to be used.
The stations should be capable of providing a flow of water for at least five minutes. The Abatement Subcontractor shall provide another station capable of providing a flow of water for at least fifteen minutes in the clean area. Squeeze bottles are not sufficient eyewash stations.
8) The Abatement Subcontractor shall supply workers and supervisory personnel with NIOSH and MSHA approved respirators and HEPA filters. Respiratory protection shall be implemented for all work performed by the Abatement Subcontractor under this Section. The respirators shall be sanitized and maintained according to the manufacturerÆs specifications. Disposable respirators shall not be considered acceptable under any circumstances. The Abatement Subcontractor will maintain on- site a sufficient supply of HEPA filters to allow workers and supervisory personnel to change contaminated filters per manufacturerÆs recommendations or when breathing resistance is encountered. The Abatement Subcontractor is solely responsible for means and methods used and for compliance with applicable regulations:
(a) Half- mask, negative pressure, air purifying respirators equipped with high efficiency filters for airborne lead dust levels not in excess of 0.5 mg/ m3 (10 times the Permissible Exposure Limit) shall be used during component removal and enclosure abatement methods, with the exception of surface preparation for enclosures.
(b) Full- face Powered Air Purifying Respirators (PAPRs) with high efficiency filters for airborne dust levels not in excess of 2.5 mg/ m3 (50 time the Permissible Exposure Limit) will be required during all abatement demolition methods and encapsulation surface preparation methods and as required by OSHA 1926.62.
(c) Pressure demand, full face, supplied air respirators are required when airborne lead dust concentrations are expected to meet or exceed 50 mg/ m3 (1000 times the Permissible Exposure Limit). Respirators will not be removed until the worker enters the washing area of the decontamination chamber.
9) Respirators shall be individually assigned to removal workers for their exclusive use. All respiratory protection shall be provided to workers in accordance with the approved respiratory protection program, which includes all items in OSHA 29 CFR 1910.134 (B),( D),( E), & (F), and the OSHA lead standard 29 CFR 1926.62. A copy of this program shall be kept at the worksite, and shall be posted in the clean area.
10) Workers must perform negative and positive pressure fit checks each time a respirator is put on, whenever the respirator design so permits.
11) Powered air purifying respirators (PAPR) shall be tested for adequate flow as specified by the manufacturer.
12) Workers shall be given a qualitative fit test in accordance with procedures detailed in OSHA 29 CFR 1910.1025, Appendix D, Qualitative Fit Test Protocols, for all respirators to be used on this abatement project. An appropriately administered quantitative fit test may be substituted for the qualitative fit test.
13) If a question exists as to the proper selection of respirators, the Contractor may consult the OSHA Lead in Construction Standard (29 CFR 1926.62).
14) Upon leaving the active work area, cartridges must be removed, and respirators cleaned in a disinfectant solution and clean water rinsed.
15) Clean respirators should be stored in plastic bags when not in use.
16) The Abatement Subcontractor shall inspect respirators daily for broken, missing, or damaged parts.
17) The Abatement Subcontractor shall provide personal sampling to check personal exposure levels. Samples shall be taken for the duration of the work shift or for eight hours, whichever is less. Personal samples need not be taken every day but must be taken in accordance with 29 CFR 1926.62. Sampling will determine eight- hour Time- Weighted Average exposures (TWA). Results shall be provided to the Owner and Consultants within 48 hours of the sampling.
18) Abatement Subcontractor shall comply with all OSHA, state, or other applicable requirements of worker medical examinations for approval to wear respiratory protection, and shall submit document of such approval to the Owner.
E. Exposure Conditions.
If air monitoring data, gathered by the Abatement Subcontractor or Consultant shows that worker exposure to airborne lead exceeds 50 ´g/ m3, the following conditions apply:
1) Clothing. Street clothes cannot be worn into containment. Workers must wear nylon shorts, TYVEK shorts, or nothing under disposable suit.
2) Showers. Showers must be provided. Shower water must pass through at least a 5.0 micron filter before returning to the public waste system.
(a) All workers must shower upon leaving the work area.
(b) A five- stage decontamination unit must be constructed of six- mil polyethylene sheeting and consisting of a dirty room, airlock, shower, airlock, and clean room.
3.3.3 Personal Air Sampling
A. General. The Abatement Subcontractor is required to perform the personal air sampling activities during all lead paint abatement work. The results of such sampling shall be posted, provided to individual workers, and submitted to Owner and Consultant as described herein.
B. Sampling. Samples shall be taken for the duration of the work shift or for eight hours, whichever is less. Personal samples need not be taken every day after the first day if working conditions remain unchanged, but must be taken every time there is a change in the removal operation, either in terms of the location or the type of work. Sampling will be used to determine eight- hour Time- Weighted Averages (TWA). The Abatement Subcontractor is responsible for personal sampling as outlined in OSHA Standard 29 CFR 1926.62. This sampling will determine the degree of respirator protection required, subject to the regulations.
C. Sampling Results. Air sampling results shall be transmitted to the Owner and individual workers in written form no more than forty- eight (48) hours after the completion of a sampling cycle. The reporting document shall list each sampleÆs result, sampling time and date, personnel monitored and their social security numbers, flow rate, sample duration, sample yield, cassette size, and analystsÆ name and company, and shall include an interpretation of the results. Air sample analysis results will be reported in micrograms of lead per cubic meter of air (´g/ m3).
D. Testing Laboratory. The Abatement SubcontractorÆs testing lab shall be certified for lead air sample by the American Industrial Hygiene Association. Abatement Subcontractor shall submit for the OwnerÆs and ConsultantÆs review and acceptance the name and address of the laboratory, certification( s) of accreditation for heavy metal analysis, and a listing of relevant experience in air lead analysis, and presentation of a documented Quality Assurance and Quality Control program.
E. Air Monitoring Frequency. The air monitoring frequency for Abatement Subcontractor operations will be established in accordance with the requirements set forth in 29 CFR 1926.62.
3.4 WORKER HYGIENE PRACTICES.
In order to avoid possible exposure to dangerous levels of lead and to prevent possible contamination of areas outside the demarcated work area, work shall follow the general guidelines listed below:
3.4.1. Work Area Entry. At no time shall a worker or other authorized personnel entering the work area go further than the Clean Area without proper respiratory protection and protective clothing.
3.4.2. Work Area Departure. The worker shall remove all gross contamination, debris and dust from the disposable suit by completely HEPA vacuuming them before leaving work area.
3.4.3 Personal Protective Equipment. All persons leaving the work area must remove their personal protective equipment (except respirators) before leaving the containment. Suits shall be removed "inside out" to minimize the dispersal of lead dust.
3.4.4 Wash Facilities. All workers must wash upon leaving the work area. Wash facilities will be provided by the abatement Subcontractor. This wash facility will consist of, at least, warm running potable water, soap, and towels. All waste water must be contained and disposed of in accordance with this Specification.
3.4.5 Equipment. All equipment used by the workers inside the work area shall be either left in the work area or thoroughly decontaminated before being removed from the area. Extra work clothing (in addition to the disposable suits supplied by the Abatement Subcontractor) shall be left in the clean area until the completion of work in that area.
The clean area shall be cleaned of all visible debris and disposable materials daily.
3.4.6. Prohibited Activities. Under no circumstances shall workers or supervisory personnel eat, drink, smoke, chew gum, or chew tobacco or remove their respirators in the work area. To do so shall be grounds for the Owner and/ or Consultant to STOP all removal operations. Only in the case of life threatening emergency shall workers or supervisory personnel be allowed to remove their protective respirators while in the work area. In this situation, respirators are to be removed for as short a duration as possible.
3.4.7 Footwear. As with additional clothing, all work footwear shall be left inside the decontamination area until the completion of the job and then shall be HEPA vacuumed and wiped or discarded as contaminated waste.
3.4.8 Shock Hazards. The Abatement Subcontractor is responsible for using safe procedures to avoid electrical hazards. Power will be shut off and checked before work begins when a hazard exists. all extension cords and power tools used within the work area shall be attached to Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCI).
3.5 CONTROL OVER ABATEMENT WORK
All work procedures shall be continuously controlled and monitored by the Contractor to assure that the building will not be further contaminated. The following controls shall be instituted on each working day:
3.5.1 Start Up
Prior to work on any given day, the ContractorÆs designated project supervisor will discuss the dayÆs work schedule with his work force to evaluate job tasks with respect to safety procedures and requirements specified to prevent contamination of the other parts of the building or the employees. This includes a visual survey of the work area and the decontamination enclosure systems.
The Contractor shall maintain control of and be responsible for access to all work areas to ensure the following requirements:
A. Non- authorized personnel are prohibited from entering the area at all times of day and night;
B. All authorized personnel entering the work area shall be familiar with the worker protection procedures contained in this specification and shall be equipped with properly fitted respirators and protective clothing;
C. All personnel who are exiting from the decontamination enclosure system shall be properly decontaminated;
D. Lead waste which is taken out of the work area must be properly handled in accordance with these specifications. The surface of any waste containers, removed from the work area, shall be wiped down with a minimum of a 5% solution of tri- sodium phosphate or other equivalent cleaning agent prior to removing it from the work area.
E. Building components with lead painted surfaces shall be removed from the work area and placed directly into a labelled and secured disposal container or a designated storage area.
3.6 EXTERIOR ABATEMENT SEQUENCING
A. The established sequencing for hazardous material abatement for this project dictates that the Abatement Subcontractor performs the pre- removal work area preparation procedures for all buildings included in this project. This includes all buildings with asbestos- containing transit siding.
B. Exterior variations have also been established in regards to siding type, presence of exterior wood trim and drainage components painted with lead- based paint, and material composition of the existing building felt paper and associated adhesive. Each building type has a corresponding abatement sequence. The following list represents the three building variations identified and their corresponding building types:
1. Variation 1: Asbestos- containing transit siding with asbestos- containing building paper and lead- based paint covered trim and drainage components.
2. Variation 2: Lead- based paint covered wood siding with asbestos- containing building paper and lead- based paint covered exterior trim and drainage components.
3. Variation 3: Lead- based paint covered wood siding with nonasbestos- containing building paper and lead- based paint covered exterior trim and drainage components.
3.6.1 Removal Sequencing of Building Exterior Variations
Due to the layered composition of different hazardous materials (e. g., lead- based paint covered exterior trim applied onto transit siding), slightly different sequences of removal operation will be required. The following sequences are broken down by exterior variations.
18.104.22.168 Variation 1 Sequence
A. The Abatement Subcontractor will be first on the job.
B. The Abatement Subcontractor will provide work area set- up for one entire building in accordance with specifications.
C. The Abatement Subcontractor will perform all exterior lead trim component and drainage system components effecting the removal of the transit siding. These components will include, but not be limited to, the following:
1. Rake Boards
2. Facia Boards
3. Corner Boards Wall Vents
4. Skirt Boards
6. Downspouts Conduit
8. Associated Hardware
9. Drainage Boots
11. Roof & End
D. Work shall be performed sequentially to allow the Asbestos Removal Contractor to start asbestos work as soon as possible.
E. The Abatement Subcontractor will perform preliminary clean- up and wipe barriers prior to the Asbestos Contractor working on that side of the building.
F. The Abatement Subcontractor will continue to work around the building as defined herein.
G. The Asbestos Removal Contractor will commence work on the initial side abated when the Lead Abatement Contractor has completed the initial clean- up on that side and component removal on the subsequent adjacent side.
H. The Asbestos Removal Contractor will remove and dispose asbestos shingle siding, felt paper, and associated tar adhesive.
I. The Asbestos Removal Contractor will then perform preliminary clean- up and wipe all barriers clean. The asbestos inspector will perform a visual inspection to ensure all asbestos containing materials have been removed before barriers are removed.
J. The Asbestos Removal Contractor will remove all barriers and dispose as construction debris.
K. The Abatement Subcontractor and Asbestos Abatement Subcontractor will continue work in a fashion that will not cause leaded waste products to be combined with asbestos waste products.
22.214.171.124 Variation 2 Sequence
A. The Abatement Subcontractor will be first on the job.
B. The Abatement Subcontractor will provide work area set- up for one entire building in accordance with Specifications.
C. The Abatement Subcontractor will perform all exterior lead component removal, as defined in these Specifications, including siding, but excluding felt paper and adhesive, and excluding doors, windows, and associated components (i. e., trim, sills) one side of the building at a time.
D. Work shall be performed sequentially to allow the Asbestos Removal Contractor to start his work as soon as possible.
E. The Abatement Subcontractor will perform preliminary clean- up and wipe barriers clean prior to Asbestos Contractor working on that side of the building.
F. The Abatement Subcontractor will continue to work around the building as defined herein.
G. The Asbestos Removal Contractor will commence work on the initial side when the Lead Abatement Contractor has completed the initial clean- up on that side and component removal on the subsequent adjacent side.
H. The Asbestos Removal Contractor will removal all felt paper and associated tar adhesive.
I. The Asbestos Removal Contractor will then perform preliminary clean- up and wipe all barriers clean.
J. The Asbestos Removal Contractor will removal all barriers and dispose as construction debris.
K. The Abatement Subcontractor and Asbestos Abatement Subcontractor will continue work in a fashion that will not cause leaded waste products to be combined with asbestos waste products.
3.7 ABATEMENT PROCEDURES
A. Overview. The information contained in this section indicates specific abatement procedures for designated components. The actual components to be abated are found on Drawings and schedules located in Section xxx of the Contract Documents.
B. Workmanship. All lead- based paint abatement activities shall be conducted in a professional workman- like manner.
3.7.2 Exterior Component Removal
A. General. Abatement procedures detail both specific components and the generalities of component removal. Generalities of abatement are detailed below. All resulting bundles of "containers" of removed components and/ or debris shall be carefully handled to reduce the potential of ripping, bursting, or otherwise diminishing the integrity of the bundle of "container."
1. Provide work area preparation in accordance with Section 3.1.
2. Care must be taken so that leaded materials are neither burned, nor dusted, nor result in further exposure to workers, residents, children, or observers.
3. Care shall be taken to avoid damage to adjacent areas during the removal of components to be replaced. The Abatement Subcontractor shall run a utility knife around the edge (score) of the abatement substrate and the adjacent (non- abated) substrate to cut any bonding between the substrates and thereby eliminate damage.
4. If components to be removed contain gross areas of loose of peeling paint, these areas shall be wet scrapped or HEPA vacuumed prior to removal. The paint chips shall be contained either in the HEPA vacuum or in a separate six (6) mil polyethylene bag. Temporary encapsulants expressly for this purpose are also acceptable.
5. Components that are removed for replacement shall be temporarily wrapped for transport to the dumpsters. Care shall be taken when transporting leaded components from the work area to the dumpster. All leaded components shall be sealed in air tight containers from transport to the dumpster. Once the material has been transferred, it shall be removed from the container and placed in the lined dumpster. Specific components and abatement procedures are:
a. Drainage Components
(1.) Gutter and downspouts. A pry device may be used to carefully remove all brackets and hardware providing support to the gutters and downspouts. Once the brackets have been removed, carefully remove and lower gutters and downspouts to the ground. To not drop or handle in a way that will cause additional damage to the painted surfaces. Once the gutters and downspouts are removed, cut into manageable lengths no greater than three (3) linear feet in length. Remove all nails prior to disposal.
(2.) Drainage Boots. A pry device may be used to carefully remove all brackets and hardware providing support to the drainage boots. Carefully remove the drainage boots for disposal. Where required, excavate to a depth of six (6) inches below grade and snap cast iron boot to be capped by General Contractor. Boots may be stripped of lead- based paint on site and then disposed of as construction debris. All on- site stripping shall be performed in a secure area approved by the Consultant in accordance with Section 3.1.
b. Exterior Trim. A pry device shall be utilized to carefully remove the exterior trim. Once the exterior trim has been removed, the resulting material shall be cut into lengths that are easily managed for the purposes of containerization. Carefully lower trim boards to the ground; do not drop.
c. Canopies. A pry device shall be utilized to carefully remove the individual components of the canopies. Remove each component of the canopy and carefully lower to the ground. Care shall be taken to preserve the integrity of the structural elements of the canopies. Coordinate removal of existing lighting with the Electrical Subcontractor. Containerization shall be accomplished by removing or flattening all nails to prevent punctures or tearing.
d. Attic Vents. A pry device shall be utilized to carefully remove the attic vents. Remove each attic vent and associated trim components and carefully lower to the ground. Care shall be taken by the Abatement Subcontractor to avoid damaging existing roofing felts and shingles. If damaged shingles are observed by the Abatement Subcontractor before work commences, the Consultant must be informed. Failure to inform the Consultant will result in the Abatement Subcontractor assuming responsibility for the damage.
e. Porch Lattice. Carefully detach porch lattice from facade of building and porch landing for disposal.
f. Exterior Wood Shingles, Clapboards, and Soffit. A pry device shall be utilized to carefully remove the exterior wood shingles, clapboards, and soffit. When siding and soffits, avoid dropping a distance greater than ten (10) feet. Continuously control dust utilizing an airless spray or apply a light application of water. Avoid damaging felt paper at all buildings. Do not allow waste to accumulate. Remove or bend back all nails from existing sheeting. Cut clapboard to sections no greater than three (3) feet lengths. Containerization shall be accomplished by removing or flattening nails to prevent punctures or tears in container lining.
g. Electrical Conduit. On all lead painted surfaces, carefully remove electrical conduit by using a pry device (crow bar "pigÆs foot", etc.) in such a manner as to protect integrity of conduit and adjacent surfaces from damage. Coordinate and perform work under supervision of the Electrical Subcontractor.
1. The Abatement Subcontractor shall perform all procedures as defined in Section 02090 3.7.3
2. All windows sashes, sills, jambs, and trim on basement windows shall be removed down to a base substrate surface (rough opening).
i. Removal of Window Components 1. Execution of component removal shall follow applicable methods specified in this section. Window component removal shall be limited to the individual components listed in Section 3.0 of this specification.
2. Preparation procedures identified in 3.1 and 3.2, shall be strictly adhered to. Using a HEPA vacuum equipped with a metal attachment, remove and vacuum all loose chips and flakes of paint from window trough components and remove existing exterior storm windows and screens and dispose of as construction debris.
3. Any damage to adjacent surfaces due to component removal shall be repaired and restored with similar or better materials to the approval of the Owner.
4. The sequence of work for component removal shall follow this prescribed order:
a. Unscrew exterior stops and remove
b. Remove top sash
c. Remove parting beads with pry or pliers
d. Remove bottom sash
e. Using a pry, remove right and left side window trough casings
f. Pry off head stop
g. Remove existing mullions
h. Remove exterior header
i. Remove all loose dirt and debris, HEPA vacuuming all surrounding surfaces and window well
j. Follow procedure of 5. below
5. After initial clean- up procedures are completed the following shall occur:
a. Inspector shall be notified of completion of window removal
b. Inspector will perform a visual inspection
c. Once acceptable, encapsulate window components with white latex spray paint
d. Keep critical barriers intact
e. If no visible debris is found, window replacement shall proceed as specified in Section xx of Architectural Specifications.
J. Removal of exterior door jambs and casings and exterior doors.
1. Removal of doors, door jambs and casings shall be limited
to the following:
a. Front and back entrances
2. Any damage to adjacent surfaces due to component removal, shall be repaired and restored with similar or better materials to the approval of the Owner.
3. All door jambs and casings scheduled for abatement will be removed according to this prescribed sequence.
a. Preparation procedures shall be performed as described in 3.1 and 3.2.
b. Carefully score paint and caulk lines at walls adjoining casings with razor knife. Removal of jambs and casings shall not damage existing plaster or gypsum board and paint.
c. Carefully pry jambs and casings from wooden anchors and remove, using a wood block at the fulcrum point to protect the plaster.
d. Remove any protruding paint ridges. Scrape and HEPA vacuum all loose paint and debris.
e. Fill damaged spaces with plaster to make walls smooth.
4. After initial cleanup procedures are completed, the following
a. Inspector shall be notified of completion of removal and proper cleanup.
b. Inspector will inspect for any visible dust or debris.
c. After approval is given by Inspector, door system installation shall occur without the removal of the mini- containment chamber.
d. Once door system is installed according to the specification, chamber may be removed after HEPA- vacuuming of the chamber surfaces.
3.7.3 CAUSTIC PAINT REMOVAL - PROCEDURES
A. General. Caustic paste application and use shall be in accordance
with manufacturerÆs instruction for each product. Prior
to beginning the application, all accumulated dust, dirt, and
visible oil and grease shall be removed with a five percent TSP
and water solution or other equally effective cleaning agent.
When a caustic stripping agent is used as the abatement agent,
the Abatement Subcontractor shall provide and ensure the use of
the following items:
- Full-body coveralls with hood impervious to caustic substances;
- Gloves impervious to caustic substances;
- Glove extenders;
- Face shield;
- Appropriate boot or shoe covers;
- An eyewash station;
- A suitable and unrestricted wash area in the event of inadvertent exposure.
1. Paint Removal - A caustic stripping agent may require multiple applications, depending on a variety of circumstances. When this type of material is used, care should be taken to avoid drying of the agent. It may become necessary to lightly mist over area with water to keep it moist. Surfaces that come in contact with the stripping agents used in this methodology during washing or neutralizing shall be completely cleaned before the waste dries.
a. Each worker, in order to be allowed in the work area, must have received specific instructions on the procedures to remove material that inadvertently comes in contact with skin, and eyewashing procedures, together with information on the nature of the danger. This can be accomplished by general safety meetings that are regularly scheduled and with a "right- to- know" booklet that is in a location that is known to all persons and is readily accessible.
b. In addition to standardized work area preparation, to protect surrounding areas, polyethylene sheeting shall be placed flush to the surrounding walls for a firm seal to avoid leakage of waste below the polyethylene sheeting, and the joint shall be caulked. The Abatement Subcontractor may place absorbent pads or material below the surface being abated and/ or place waterproof duct tape on the surface adjacent to that being abated, to prevent damage to the adjacent wall or floor surface. The Abatement Subcontractor is responsible for repairing any adjacent surfaces harmed by the chemical removal process. This includes contamination of these surfaces by chemical residue.
c. A dwell time may be a specified by the manufacturer. The Subcontractor shall run a series of test patches to determine the optimal amount of time for the chemical to work on a particular component.
d. Removal of the caustic stripping agent after dwell time shall be performed by scraping the waste off the substrate onto the paper, using a metal scraper. Application process shall be repeated if, in the opinion of the Consultant, complete removal of the paint is not attained. At no time shall dry scraping be used.
e. Once removal of paint from the abated surface is complete, clean- up procedures shall then follow and include wash- down of the surface and neutralization.
f. Once the neutralizing process is complete, the surface shall undergo normal clean- up procedures of HEPA vacuuming, wet wash and repeated HEPA vacuuming.
g. All worker protection equipment as specified shall be left within the work area during all phases of the work. This equipment may be transferred between work areas using double six (6) mil polyethylene bags to prevent contamination of clean areas.
h. All accumulated debris resulting from removal of caustic paste shall be treated as hazardous and shall be properly stored and disposed of according to EPA, DOT, and all other applicable federal, state, and local regulations.
i. Any wood flooring contaminated by the absorption of lead caustic shall be replaced by the Abatement Subcontractor at his/ her expense.
B. Application and Removal
1. Spray or hand trowel paste according to manufacturerÆs specifications (no less than " thick). The caustic stripping agent should be applied with recommended special spray equipment approved by the manufacturer to ensure proper application of product, if spray application is used.
a. During spray application no more than two workers (one person applying and one helper) shall be allowed in the work area. Security of work area is absolutely essential.
2. Never remove material with personnel below, or in a manner
that would allow caustic to fall on, splatter or contact personnel
in the vicinity of the removal.
- Minimize the fall distance of the paste/ paint.
3. Work area shall be properly heated so as to meet temperature requirements outlined in the manufacturerÆs specifications. Heating procedures shall be subject to the approval of the Consultant and Owner, and shall be supplied by the G. C.
4. Abatement Subcontractor shall make certain that during the application, dwell time and removal of caustic paste, the work area is secured.
C. Clean Up
1. Collect caustic paste cloth with paste/ paint along with remaining residue and put into six (6) mil polyethylene bags and dispose of in compliance with all regulations and specifications.
2. Spray surface lightly with water spray. Then with a nylon scrub brush, agitate surface to loosen all residue. Thoroughly scrub surface, being sure to get all crevices, grooves, cracks, etc.
3. Lightly spray clean water on surface, removing remaining residue. The use of a wet vacuum to assist in the clean- up is suggested. Make certain that entire surface is clean of any paint/ paste residue.
4. Treat residue (paste, paper, water, etc.) as hazardous waste until results of TCLP tests are available. Disposal will be dependent upon these results.
1. Apply caustic stripping agent neutralizer in accordance with manufacturerÆs recommendations. Wash neutralizer off with clean water, per manufacturerÆs recommendations.
2. Apply second application of caustic stripping agent neutralizer if needed and allow to dry. After one to three (1- 3) hours, wash neutralizer off with clean water and allow surface to dry completely.
3. Abatement Subcontractor should use pH paper to determine if neutralization is adequate. A dry surface showing a pH of between 6 and 8 after the proper drying out period, is ready to be recoated. A pH over 8 should be treated to another application of neutralizer and left to dry before retesting. It is most important that the surface properly dry out before recoating.
3.7.4 Caustic Paint Specific Component Substrate
A. The following shall be used as a guide by which certain specific components/ substrates will be abated through the use of caustic pastes. Any specific component/ substrate not herein mentioned, but so identified and designated, shall be abated according to manufacturerÆs recommendations. The exact locations of specific surfaces to be abated by this method are listed in Section 3.0.
1. Removal of Paint from Bulkheads.
Paint shall be removed from all bulkheads in place. Special care must be taken to remove all paint from hinge mortises and frame to wall joints. A prefabricated plastic or metal drip pan may be placed on the floor at the junction of the bulkhead frame on top of any protective polyethylene sheeting. Drip pans may be placed at all sides of the bulkhead frame and abut the frame to create a seal to prevent leakage of the caustic paste below the work area seal. The drip pan shall be large enough to contain all leakage.
2. Removal of Paint from Round Vents
(a) Paint shall be removed from round vents as identified in Section 3.0. All paint shall be removed from entire surface on both sides.
3. Removal of Paint from Stair Railings System
(a) Paint shall be removed from railings, posts, guards, balusters, and all other metal stair surfaces.
(b) Paint shall be removed from the underside of flat surfaces of the railings, guards, or other surfaces.
(c) Great care shall be taken to prevent caustic paste from leaching into concrete landings utilizing work practices previously described.
(d) Each railing system shall be prepared for abatement by sealing off dwelling unit entrance doors. Waterproof tape shall be applied to every door at all seams. Each door shall then be covered with two layers of six- mil polyethylene sheeting and sealed to the door frames to create an airtight seal.
4. Removal of Paint from Window, Door, Vent, and Canopy Flashing, and Lintels
(a) Paint shall be removed from all visible metal surfaces of the window/ door flashing and lintels as identified in Section 3.0.
(b) Caustic remover shall not come in contact with anodized aluminum windows.
(c) Work shall be performed only when weather conditions permit.
(d) If chemical is left on overnight, a barrier tape shall be erected and maintained until the chemical is removed.
3.8 DAILY CLEANUP
At the completion of each workday, the Abatement Subcontractor shall clean the inside of the work area. At a minimum, the following procedures shall be adhered to:
A. End of Day Cleaning. Thirty (30) minutes or more if necessary prior to the end of each work day, the lead work area must be cleaned of all debris. Under no circumstances will lead clean- up be permitted when active lead paint abatement work is proceeding. All abatement activity must cease during the cleanup period.
Such cleaning shall include a thorough HEPA vacuuming of all affected surfaces, as determined by the Consultant. Additionally, cleaning requires the use of a solution of five percent tri- sodium phosphate (TSP) or other equally effective cleaning agent. All waste materials generated during this daily clean- up shall be disposed of as hazardous waste, unless analytical testing proves otherwise.
B. Equipment Cleaning. Durable equipment, such as power and hand tools, generators, and vehicles shall be cleaned at least monthly or prior to removal from buildings undergoing abatement or the site. All equipment shall be cleaned by HEPA vacuuming and high- phosphate (tri- sodium phosphate) washing (or use of an equivalent cleaner).
1. High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) vacuum: The Abatement Subcontractor will obtain training in the use of the HEPA vacuum from the manufacturer prior to use and submit evidence of this training to the Owner and Consultant. The Abatement Subcontractor shall obtain HEPA vacuum attachments, such as various size brushes, crevice tools, and angular tools to be used for varied applications and service the HEPA vacuum routinely to assure proper operation. Caution shall be used any time the HEPA is opened for filter replacement or debris removal. Operators shall wear a full set of protective clothing and equipment, including respirators, when using and emptying the HEPA vacuuming equipment.
C. Preliminary Clean- Up. Upon completion of the lead paint abatement and a satisfactory visual inspection by the Owner/ Consultant in a given work area, a preliminary clean- up shall be performed by the Abatement Subcontractor. This clean- up includes removal of any contaminated material, equipment or debris including polyethylene sheeting from the work area, except for critical barriers. The polyethylene sheeting shall first be sprayed or misted with water for dust control, the resulting abatement debris removed, then the sheeting shall be folded in upon itself. All polyethylene sheeting used for critical barriers shall remain in place until final clearance testing results have passed the clearance criteria set forth herein.
1. Large Debris. Large debris from demolition (i. e. doors, windows, baseboards) shall be wrapped in polyethylene sheeting at least six- mil thick, sealed with heavy duty duct tape, and stored until proper disposal.
2. Small Debris. Prior to picking up or collecting small debris, the surfaces of this debris will be sprayed with a fine mist of water. The debris will be picked up, collected and placed into a single plastic bag, at least six- mils thick. The bags shall not be overloaded, shall be securely sealed, and shall be stored in the designated area until disposal. Dry sweeping is not permitted in the work area; wet sweeping will require approval by the Consultant.
3. Sheeting. Removal of surface six- mil polyethylene sheeting shall begin from upper levels, such as on cabinets, counters or shelves. Removal of floor polyethylene sheeting shall begin at the corners and folded into the middle to contain the dust or residue. All collected polyethylene sheeting shall be placed in six- mil polyethylene bags for proper disposal as described in this Specification.
4. HEPA Vacuuming. Once the six- mil polyethylene sheeting is removed from the work area, cleaning shall begin with a thorough HEPA vacuuming of all surfaces, starting at the ceilings, proceeding down the walls and including window, doors and door trim and floor. The floor shall be vacuumed last, beginning at the farthest corners from the entrance to the work area. HEPA vacuuming shall again be performed as noted above, after the following TSP wash.
5. TSP Wash. Abatement Subcontractor shall next wash or mop the same surfaces with a tri- sodium phosphate (TSP) detergent solution (five percent) or other equally effective cleaning agent and allow surfaces to dry. Then a second HEPA Vacuuming of the surfaces will be performed by the Abatement Subcontractor, as described above. By the conclusion of the cleaning phase, all visible dust and debris shall have been completely removed.
6. Hygiene, Cleaning Equipment and Supplies. Special attention shall be given to personal hygiene and the cleaning of supplies and/ or equipment. All mop heads, sponges and rags shall be replaced or changed daily, at a minimum. Rags, mop heads or sponges may be reused if Abatement Subcontractor has them cleaned via a washing system specially equipped with HEPA filtration.
7. Detergents. The Abatement Subcontractor shall prepare and use detergents containing five to ten percent TSP according to the manufacturerÆs instructions. The manufacturerÆs recommended coverage will be followed. The waste water from clean up shall be contained and disposed of according to all applicable Federal, state, county and local regulations and guidelines. In no instance shall waste water be disposed in storm sewers (e. g., yard inlet or street drain) or sanitary sewers (e. g., toilet, sink, or any other household/ residential/ commercial type drain system) without specific governmental approval.
3.9 VISUAL INSPECTIONS
The Abatement Subcontractor shall request a visual inspection by the Owner or Consultant. If the area does not pass a visual inspection (e. g., no visible dust or debris), the Abatement Subcontractor shall reclean the area as outlined in Steps 4, 5, 6, and 7 in Section 3.8( c).
3.9.1 Post- abatement Visual Inspection. The Consultant shall confirm job completeness by determining whether all surfaces have been abated according to the approved abatement plan and project specification. The Consultant will then determine if the building has been adequately cleaned by examining all surfaces for dust and debris. If dust is found, the work area should be recleaned, and the damp cloth test repeated.
3.9.2 Post- abatement Clearance. When all surfaces have passed visual inspection, wipe samples as detailed in Section 3.8.4 (1) shall be performed by the Consultant. The standards for passing a wipe test are outlined in Section 3.8.4 (2). Should laboratory results indicate that the wipe test clearance level is exceeded, the Abatement Subcontractor shall re- clean the affected area, at no additional cost to the Owner, utilizing the methods specified above. Retesting will then be performed to verify compliance with the mandated levels. Abatement Subcontractor shall pay for all additional testing and provide, at no additional cost, a recleaning of an effected area and personal belongings until the clearance level is achieved.
3.9.3 Finish Coatings. Finished coatings including, but not limited to, stains, primer, sealers and polyurethane coatings, if used, shall only be applied upon approval by the Owner/ Consultant. Any surface requiring painting shall be primed with an approved primer. All primers or finish coating materials shall have labeling stating, in equal or appropriate wording, "does not contain lead- based paint greater than 600 parts per million" (0.06%) and "does not contain mercury." In lieu of label wording, a manufacturerÆs statement to this effect may be substituted.
3.9.4 Inspection/ Clearance Standards. When clean- up has been completed and all surfaces have been final cleaned, wipe samples by the Consultant or Industrial Hygienist will be performed. The following standards must be met for all "clearance" requirements:
126.96.36.199 Wipe Tests.
When only some component types are to be sampled in a specific area, the Consultant will ensure that the component types to be sampled are randomly selected. Within an area, the specific components to be sampled shall be selected at random and the specific sample location on a large component shall be selected at random.
In order to compare results with applicable federal clearance criteria, the following methods must be used.
A. The sampling location (a specific surface area) must be selected, and the surface area of that location carefully measured and recorded.
B. The wipe sampling procedure must ensure that a very high percentage of the surface dust present on the sample location is captured on the wipe.
C. Wipe sample collection criteria for abatement shall be as follows:
1. Decide who will conduct clearance. Clearance on all abatement projects and federally funded interim control work must be done by a certified risk assessor or inspector technician. The U. S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) strongly recommends the use of a certified risk assessor or inspector technician who is completely independent of the lead hazard control contractor to eliminate conflicts of interest. Some local jurisdictions may require a license to conduct clearance.
2. Finish the lead hazard control and cleanup effort. Seal floors before clearance testing (if necessary).
3. Wait 1 hour to allow any airborne dust to settle. Do not enter the room during that hour.
4. Conduct visual examination.
a. Determine if all required work has been completed and all lead- based paint hazards have been controlled.
b. Determine if there is visible settled dust, paint chips, or debris in the interior or around the exterior.
5. Complete the Visual Clearance Form contained in this chapter; if all specified work was not completed, inform the owner and order completion of work and repeated cleanup, if necessary.
6. Conduct clearance dust sampling of floors, interior window sills, and window troughs using the protocol in this chapter.
7. Conduct clearance soil sampling if bare soil is present that was not sampled previously, or if exterior paint work was completed as part of the lead hazard control effort.
8. Complete the Dust and Soil Sampling Clearance Form contained in this chapter.
9. Submit samples to an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recognized laboratory participating in the National Lead Laboratory Accreditation Program for analysis.
10. Interpret results by comparing them to the HUD Interim Clearance Standards contained in this chapter (until EPA issues its health- based leaded dust standards).
11. If clearance is achieved, go to step 15.
12. Order repeated cleaning if results are above applicable standards. Clean all surfaces the sample represents. If both window and floor samples fail, the entire unit must be recleaned.
13. Continue sampling and repeated cleaning until the dwelling achieves compliance with all clearance standards.
14. Complete any related construction work that does not disturb a surface with lead- based paint (all work that does disturb painted surfaces or that could generate leaded dust should be completed as part of the lead hazard control effort).
15. Issue any necessary certificates of lead- based paint compliance or releases and maintain appropriate records.
16. Permit residents into the cleared work area.
Clearance criteria shall be as follows:
Surface Leaded Dust Loading (mg/ ft) (micrograms per
square foot) - Wipe Only
Floors - 100
Interior Window Sills (Stools) - 500
Window Troughs - 800
Exterior Concrete Or Other Rough Surfaces - 800
188.8.131.52 Retests. Should laboratory results indicate that the wipe test clearance level is exceeded, the Abatement Subcontractor shall reclean the affected area, at no additional cost to the Owner, utilizing the methods specified above. Retesting will then be performed to verify compliance with the mandated levels. Abatement Subcontractor shall pay for all additional testing and provide, at no additional cost, a recleaning of an affected area until the clearance level is achieved.
3.9.5 Inspections. In addition to various daily inspections of the lead work area and abatement practices, the Consultant will make four (4) mandatory inspections during the work, one during each phase of removal. Each inspection must be requested by the Abatement Subcontractor to be performed by the Consultant to the ConsultantÆs satisfaction before work may begin for next phase of work, or an area accepted. Failure on the part of the Abatement Subcontractor to obtain the ConsultantÆs approval before proceeding to the next scheduled phase is regarded as a violation of this section. In the event of this occurring, Consultant will request work be stopped and Owner will be contacted to intervene. The four (4) inspections are as follows:
1. Window and Door Barrier Completion. Abatement Subcontractor shall have all preabatement preparations of the work area complete, as described in Sections 3.1.
2. Post Removal Inspection. Abatement Subcontractor shall have completed abatement and final clean- up of all visible debris and perform final cleaning techniques of TSP washing and HEPA vacuuming as described in Section 3.8.
3. Daily Clean- up. Abatement Subcontractor shall have completed daily cleanup as defined in Section 3.7.
4. Final Clearance. Consultant will perform final clearance wipe testing 24 hours after final clean- up activities are completed as described in Section 3.9.
3.9.6 Air Sampling Procedure
Air sampling shall be conducted by the Consultant. Samples shall be collected and analyzed for total airborne lead. Air sampling will be collected during, but not limited to, the pre- abatement and post- abatement periods.
A. Sampling Apparatus. Air Sampling shall be collected utilizing a closed- face, 37 millimeter cassette. A mixed cellulose ester filter with 0.8 micrometer pore size with a cellulose support pad shall be placed in the cassette. Air sampling pumps shall be calibrated at 2.0 liters per minute prior to sampling. All pumps shall be post calibrated.
B. Analytical Method. The NIOSH 7082 (AAS) procedure shall be used for sample analysis. A blank filter shall be submitted with each set of samples.
3.9.7 Data Reporting for Lead in Air
Laboratory results for air samples shall be provided in micrograms of lead per cubic meter of air.
Information specific to obtaining the air samples should be
listed on a separate data form for air samples, which would include
A. Location where sample was taken
B. Length of time in use
C. Approximate volume of air sampled
D. Abatement/ clearance status
E. Abatement method (e. g., removal vs. enclosure)
3.9.8 Analytical Laboratory Qualifications
Analytical laboratories must be recognized by the EPA as participating in the National Lead Laboratory Accreditation Program (NLLAP). The Laboratory must show evidence that it is proficient in lead analysis under the Environmental Lead Proficiency Analytical Testing Program. If the laboratory is not currently enrolled in these programs, the laboratory will be required to enroll in the next round of ELPAT samples. The laboratory must be accredited within a one year period by an organization recognized by NLLAP that has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with EPA. Currently, the American Industrial Hygiene Association (703- 849- 8888) and the American Association for Laboratory Accreditation (301- 670- 1377) have signed such memoranda of understanding with EPA.
1. All dust, paint, and soil samples shall be analyzed for total lead, not "bioavailable" lead, as required in the HUD Guidelines for Evaluation and Control of Lead- Based Paint in Housing.
2. The following procedure (or equivalent) shall be employed for the analysis of the wipe samples:
Remove and unfold the wipe from the shipment container. Cut the wipe into small pieces and place in a 125 ml Phillips beaker. Quantitatively rinse the shipment container into the Phillips beaker. Cover the wipe with 10 ml of distilled water. Add 2 ml of concentrated HNO3 and 2 ml of HC1. Gently heat for 20- 30 minutes under reflux. Cool and transfer both the liquid and the bulk material left to a 50 ml volumetric flask. If there is too much bulk material left over, rinse with distilled water and squeeze with a glass rod. Add distilled water to make up to final volume. Prior to analysis by AA or ICP, an aliquot is filtered through ashless filter paper, then centrifuged at 9K rpm for 20 minutes. The supernatant liquid is drawn off and analyzed.
3.9.9 Qualifications of Sampling Personnel
All personnel conducting environmental sampling for this project should be certified as a leadbased paint inspector, risk assessor, or inspector technician or equivalent by the Environmental Protection Agency or the appropriate state agency, or be under the supervision of such a person. Certified Industrial Hygienists are not required to have additional certification as a lead- based paint inspector.
3.10 DISPOSAL OF WASTE MATERIAL
3.10.1 Caution Note for Contractors:
All materials, whether hazardous or non- hazardous, shall be disposed of in accordance with all laws and the provisions of this Section and any or all applicable federal, state, county, or local regulations and guidelines. It shall be the sole responsibility of the Qualified Abatement Subcontractor to assure compliance with all laws and regulations relating to this disposal. Until analytical results are available, all waste materials (including water) shall be segregated and treated as hazardous.
A. Applicability. Initial TCLP results have been used to classify waste into six categories. The categories are defined by the substrate type and the amount of the six toxic metals regulated by RCRA and most commonly found in paint.
B. Waste Segregation - The Abatement Subcontractor shall be responsible for segregating waste in accordance with the previously defined six categories. Separate waste dumpsters shall be used for each of the six categories. Prior to disposal of each dumpster of waste, a representative sample will be collected by the on- site inspector, paid for by the abatement Subcontractor and analyzed by TCLP for the RCRA metals. The result of each TCLP analysis will dictate the disposal requirement for each dumpster. Unit prices listed in Section xxx shall be utilized to compensate for additional disposal cost associated with disposing of materials as hazardous waste.
C. Component Classification - The initial TCLP results have been used to establish the following waste segregation categories: For bidding purposes Categories I and IV shall be considered construction waste. Categories II, III, V, and VI shall be considered hazardous waste.
a. Category I
Residential windows without putty
Basement window sills
b. Category II
Entrance door jamb
Entrance door header
Entrance door casing
Basement window with putty
Residence window with putty
Basement window without putty
Caulks and Sealant
c. Category III
All exterior trim
Soffit Metal Substrates
d. Category IV
no components listed
e. Category V
Miscellaneous metals i. e., hooks, brackets
f. Category VI
D. Disposal Requirements. The Abatement Subcontractor shall contact the Regional EPA, state, local, and all other pertinent authorities to determine lead- based paint debris disposal requirements. If applicable, the requirements of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) must be complied with, as well as any or all other applicable federal, state, county, or local waste requirements.
The Owner/ Consultant will supply the Abatement Subcontractor with a list of some of the appropriate agencies. During or after the actual abatement, the Abatement Subcontractor shall not leave any debris in the yard or near- by property, incinerate debris, dump debris by the road, place debris in any unauthorized dumpster, or introduce lead contaminated (non- filtered) water into storm sewers (shall not be poured down yard inlet or street drain) or sanitary sewers (shall not be flushed down toilet or any other household/ residential/ commercial type drain system). All waste water shall be labeled "filtered" (using 5 micron filter) or "non- filtered." All non- filtered waste water containers shall be labeled "hazardous waste" and with a date the Abatement Subcontractor began to collect contaminated water in that container.
E. EPA ID Numbers. The Abatement Subcontractor shall apply for an EPA identification number from the appropriate office; if more than 100 kg of hazardous waste will be generated from the abatement process during any calendar month. If less than 100 kg is to be generated, the Abatement Subcontractor shall obtain a Small Quantity Generator RCRA Hazardous Material ID number. The Consultant will assist the chosen Abatement Subcontractor in contacting the appropriate office to secure the identification number. The Abatement Subcontractor also has the responsibility to coordinate this action through the State and secure any additional number as required.
The following testing must be performed by a laboratory properly certified by the State of State. The name of the laboratory must be supplied to the Owner/ Consultant prior to the initiation of the testing.
F. TCLP Test. Testing on lead- based paint abatement waste materials by use of the Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) will be completed and paid by the Abatement Subcontractor, and results shall be supplied to the Consultant and Owner. Testing results on most building components have been performed by the Consultant and are attached to this contract specification.
G. Testing of Materials. The testing of material shall be performed as obtained to minimize the storage of "assumed" hazardous material. In absence of written official state guidance, the Abatement Subcontractor shall take at least one (1) composite sample of the items listed below for the RCRA eight (8) heavy metals. The Abatement Subcontractor shall also determine if additional testing for other compounds, such as pH, flashpoint, etc., are required for disposal at a particular landfill. The following materials shall be tested to determine whether or not they are hazardous:
1. Waste water.
2. Dust from HEPA filters.
3. Metals that have not been previously tested.
4. Plastic sheets, duct tape, or tape used to cover floors and other services during the lead- based paint removal.
5. Solvents and caustics used during the stripping process.
6. Liquid waste, such as wash water used to decontaminate wood after solvents have been used, and liquid waste from exterior (or interior) water blasting.
7. Rags, sponges, mops, scrapers, and other materials used for testing, abatement, and clean- up.
8. Disposable work clothes and respirator filters cartridges.
9. Any other items contaminated with lead- based paint or items produced as a result of ead- based paint abatement activity, such as the water filters.
H. Storage Requirements. Any item found to be hazardous, by way of testing, shall be kept in a secured area or lockable container that is inaccessible to all persons other than abatement personnel. All hazardous waste shall be labeled "Hazardous Waste - Contains Lead" and a date that the Abatement Subcontractor began to collect waste in that container. All hazardous and non- hazardous waste shall be kept in totally and completely separate containers. Until TCLP testing proves an item to be non- hazardous, all items shall be considered hazardous and stored in a secured area or lockable container.
I. Regulations. The Abatement Subcontractor will be required to comply with the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and/ or any other applicable state, county law, regulation and/ or guidelines, whichever is most stringent.
J. Waste Transportation. If the Abatement Subcontractor is not a RCRA/ DOT/ EPA certified Hazardous Waste Transporter, a contract shall be entered into with a certified transporter to move the waste. The Abatement Subcontractor shall require the certified hazardous waste transport firm to follow RCRA, DOT, EPA, and any/ all other applicable regulations. Many transporters are also capable of supplying pertinent information and services applicable to necessary rules, regulations, and specifications. The certified transporter/ hauler shall submit for Owner/ Consultant approved their qualifications to perform the work as specified herein. The Abatement Subcontractor shall be responsible for all actions of the waste hauler as pertaining to waste removal and disposal under this Section and all EPA, DOT, and other applicable regulations.
1. The Abatement Subcontractor must supply documents that detail the site( s) to be used for ultimate waste disposal. Documents from these disposal sites must be supplied by the Abatement Subcontractor to the Owner/ Consultant from the disposal facilities stating that hazardous and/ or construction waste will be accepted by these facilities. In addition, the Abatement Subcontractor must submit documents from these sites proving that they are licensed/ permitted to accept such waste and will accept the waste proposed by the Abatement Subcontractor for treatment or ultimate disposal.
K. Waste Containers. The Abatement Subcontractor will comply with EPA and DOT regulations for waste containers. The Abatement Subcontractor shall contact the state and local authorities to determine their criteria for containers. In the case of any conflict in regulations, the more stringent regulation shall apply.
L. Emergencies. Abatement Subcontractors shall: contact local fire, police, hospitals or local emergency response teams and inform them of the type of hazardous waste activity and ask for assistance in the event of an accident; keep and properly maintain a suitable fire extinguisher( s) on site; have an immediate means of communication with a regulatory agency in the event of an emergency; keep a list of phone numbers of regulatory agencies on site, make sure all employees know how to deal with all types of accidents; make one person who is always on site, when the site is occupied, the emergency coordinator to ensure that emergency procedures are carried out in the event an emergency arises; and keep and maintain a "right to know" manual that is in an easily accessible location and in an area that is known to all employees.
M. Disposal Packaging. The Abatement Subcontractor shall place lead- based paint fragments and debris produced as a result of any abatement activity and lead dust in six- mil polyethylene (plastic) bags that are air- tight and puncture- resistant.
1. Cleaning Materials. The Abatement Subcontractor will place all disposable cleaning materials such as sponges, mop heads, filters, disposable clothing, and brooms in six- mil plastic bags. If after testing, those materials are determined to be hazardous, the bags will be sealed, labelled, and considered hazardous waste.
2. Contaminated Debris. In particular, the Abatement Subcontractor shall separate, label, and containerize the following:
a. All paint or paint fragments removed by chemical strippers, surface preparation, or by any abatement methodology;
b. Grossly contaminated body suits;
c. HEPA vacuum contents, filters, and respirator cartridges: paint chips or other abatement debris on plastic should always be HEPA vacuumed prior to picking up the plastic.
d. All hazardous wastes or materials should be kept totally separate from non- hazardous materials.
3. Polyethylene Sheeting. The Abatement Subcontractor shall clean surfaces and equipment and containerize large debris. Prior to removing any six (6) mil polyethylene sheeting, the Abatement Subcontractor shall lightly mist the sheeting in order to keep dust down and remove and containerize any debris and fold six (6) mil polyethylene sheeting inward to contain debris and to form tight bundles to containerize for disposal. The Abatement Subcontractor shall place all plastic sheeting in six (6) mil thick polyethylene bags and seal.
N. Removing and Transporting Waste
1. Vehicles. The Abatement Subcontractor shall ensure that all non- hazardous waste is transported in covered vehicles to a landfill, or lined landfill, if required.
2. Container Handling. The Abatement Subcontractor shall carefully place the containers into the truck or dumpster used for disposal. At NO time will debris or containers be thrown or dropped.
3. Dust or Debris. If the Abatement Subcontractor subcontracts the removing of the non- hazardous lead- based paint abatement waste, the Contractor shall ensure that the company removing the waste material adequately covers all loads so as to assure that no dust or debris is released.
4. Liquid Wastes. The Abatement Subcontractor shall contain and properly dispose of all liquid waste, including lead- contaminated wash water if not filtered and drained.
5. Containers. The Abatement Subcontractor shall HEPA vacuum the exterior of all waste containers prior to removing the waste containers from the work area and shall wet wipe the containers to ensure that there is no residual contamination. Containers should then be moved out of the work area into the designated storage area.
6. Solvents. The Abatement Subcontractor shall place solvent residues and residues from strippers in drums made out of materials that cannot be dissolved or corroded by chemicals. Solvents will be tested by the Abatement Subcontractor to determine of they are hazardous. Solvents, caustic, and acid waste must be segregated and not stored in the same containers.
3.10.2 Soil Sampling Procedure
A. Pre- abatement Soil Sampling. In order to establish baseline lead- in- soil conditions on the site prior to the initiation of exterior lead abatement, soil samples will be collected.
3.10.3 Post- abatement Soil Sampling
A. Post- abatement soil samples, will be collected at the same building where pre- abatement soils samples were collected.
B. If pre- abatement soil samples at any of the ten building locations exceed 1,000 ´g/ g, the Contractor may be required to perform soil excavation and removal at additional cost as specified in Section 3.10.4.
C. If pre- abatement soil samples are at or below 1,000 ´g/ g, and post- abatement soil samples exceed 1,000 ´g/ g, the Contractor will be required to perform soil excavation and removal at no additional cost as specified in Section 3.10.4 under Section 3.11 Damages.
3.10.4 Excavation and Removal of Contaminated Soil
A. Careful excavation will begin with equipment, such as an excavator or backhoe. Work will continue with hand tools as directed by the Consultant. Careful handling of soil with hand tools shall be employed in order to avoid damaging the structure and to minimize waste generation.
B. Excavation to a depth of two (2) inches will take place within the area identified by the Consultant.
C. Excavation will be performed with care to protect structures, utilities, sidewalks, pavements, and other facilities from damage caused by equipment, contaminated soil, and other hazards created by operations.
D. Excavated soils will be placed in a pre- designated area on six (6) mil polyethylene roll sheeting and covered with the same material.
E. Proper protective measures will be taken to prevent human exposure to excavated soils. Protective measures shall include installation of construction fencing around excavated soil and staking or weighting polyethylene sheeting to prevent wind or precipitation damage.
F. Careful removal of contaminated soil will begin with equipment, such as an excavator or pay loader. Work will continue until all contaminated soil is removed from the area outlined on the site plan to the specified depth.
G. Appropriate worker protection practices shall be followed as specified in OSHA Regulations.
3.10.5 Laboratory Testing for Lead in Soil
Pre- abatement and post- abatement soil lead analysis will be performed. EPA protocols for soil sampling will be followed
The Abatement Subcontractor shall protect remaining surfaces such as drywall, paneling, plaster, glass, and the property soil, etc., from damage. Damages to non- protected remaining surfaces shall be repaired at the Abatement SubcontractorÆs expense. Random background soil samples will have been obtained by the Consultant. Results will be supplied without specifying their location. The Abatement Subcontractor is responsible for damages if the property soil becomes further contaminated. Reference is made to Section 3.10.1 and 3.10.2.
3.12 REOCCUPANCY CRITERIA
During all stages of the exterior abatements, dwelling units will be reoccupied after final cleanup and visual inspection completed by the Consultant at the end of each work day. Two sets of post- abatement wipe samples analyzed by atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS) will be collected for confirmatory purposes. A comparison will be made with preabatement wipe samples collected prior to abatement. If the two sets of results are not statistically different, occupancy shall be maintained. However, if a unit is cleared and re- occupied based on the ConsultantÆs visual inspection and it then fails to meet the clearance criteria based on the laboratory results, the cost of the cleaning of the occupantsÆ household furnishings will be borne by the Abatement Subcontractor. U. S. HUD Guidelines for the Evaluation and Control of Lead- Based Paint Hazards in Housing will apply for lead wipe results.